BDB1315 [H1285]

בְּרִית285 noun feminine covenant (|| Aramaic קְיָם, διαθήκη; constitutio) — ׳ב Gen 9:13 + 199 t.; suffix בְּרִיתִי Gen 6:18 + 50 t.; בְּרִיתְךָ Deut 33:9 בְּרִיתֶ֑ךָ Ps 44:18 + 11 t.; בְּרִיתְכֶם Isa 28:18 בְּרִיתֵךְ Ezek 16:61 בְּרִיתוֺ Exod 2:24 = 18 t.; — pact, compact, covenant. I. between men.

1. trety, alliance, league: Abraham and Amorites Gen 14:13 Edom and its allies Obad 1:7 with Philistines Gen 21:27; Gen 21:32 (E) Gen 26:28 (J); Jacob and Laban Gen 31:44 (J); Joshua and Gibeonites Josh 9:6; Josh 9:7; Josh 9:11; Josh 9:15; Josh 9:16 (J); Israel and Canaanites Exod 23:32; Exod 34:12; Exod 34:15 (JE) Deut 7:2; Judg 2:2 Ammonites and Jabesh 1Sam 11:1 Solomon and Hiram 1Kgs 5:26 Ahab and Benhadad 1Kgs 20:34 Syria and Israel 1Kgs 15:19 = 2Chr 16:3 Nebuchadnezzar and Zedekiah Ezek 17:13-19 nations against Israel Ps 83:6 nations with Egypt Ezek 30:5 Ephraim and Assyria Hos 12:2 Judah and Israel Ezek 16:61 Judah and Tyre Amos 1:9 Assyria and Judah Isa 33:8 נגיד ברית a prince in league (with him) Dan 11:22 (so He Ew; Hi Meinh Bev reference to high priest Onias III, & translate prince of covenant, compare AV RV); figurative, with death Isa 28:15; Isa 28:18 with stones of the field Job 5:23.
2. constitution, ordinance, between monarch and subjects: David and Abner 2Sam 3:12; 2Sam 3:13; 2Sam 3:21 David and the elders of Israel 2Sam 5:3 = 1Chr 11:3 Zedekiah and his people Jer 34:8-18 hostile prince and Israelites Dan 9:27.
3. agreement, pledge: Jehoiada and captains 2Kgs 11:4 = 2Chr 23:1 with onself Job 31:1 with Leviathan to be a servant Job 40:28 between man and man Hos 10:4 compare בעל ברית Judg 8:33; Judg 9:4 = אל ברית Judg 9:46.
4. alliance of friendship between David and Jonathan 1Sam 18:3; 1Sam 20:8; 1Sam 23:18 compare Ps 55:21.
5. alliance of marriage Prov 2:17; Mal 2:14. — In all cases כרת ברית is the technical phrase for making covenant except Jer 34:10 באו בברית; Dan 9:27 הגביר ברית לְ. Various prepositions are used, most often לְ Exod 23:32 +, but also עִם Gen 26:28 +, אֵת 2Sam 3:12 +, בֵּין 2Chr 16:3. II. between God and man.
1. alliance of friendship (|| סוֺד) Ps 25:14.
2. covenant, as a divine constitution or ordinance with signs or pledges (see אוֺת).
\ \ a. with Noah Gen 9:9-17 (P) Isa 54:10; Jer 33:20; Jer 33:25 a divine promise that there would be no other deluge.
\ \ b. with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob Gen 15:18 (J) Gen 17:2-21; Exod 2:24; Exod 6:4; Exod 6:5; Lev 26:42 (P) 2Kgs 13:23; 1Chr 16:15 = Ps 105:8; Ps 105:10; Neh 9:8; Jer 34:18 a promise to multiply their seed, give them the land of Canaan, and make them a blessing to the nations.
\ \ c. with Israel at Sinai = Horeb, with a covenant sacrifice Exod 19:5; Exod 24:7; Exod 24:8 (E) Exod 34:10; Exod 34:27; Exod 34:28 (J) Exod 31:16; Lev 2:13 (P) Lev 24:8; Lev 26:9; Lev 26:15; Lev 26:25; Lev 26:44; Lev 26:45 (H) Deut 4:13 renewed in plains of Moab Deut 28:69 with blessings and curses Deut 29:20 frequently referred to in other books 2Chr 34:32; Ps 25:10; Ps 44:18; Ps 50:5; Ps 50:16; Ps 74:20; Ps 78:10; Ps 78:37; Ps 103:18; Ps 106:45; Ps 111:5; Ps 111:9; Isa 56:4; Isa 56:6; Jer 1:2; Jer 1:3; Jer 1:6; Jer 1:8; Jer 1:10; Jer 14:21; Jer 22:9; Jer 31:32; Ezek 16:8; Ezek 16:59; Ezek 16:60; Ezek 44:7; Dan 9:4; Dan 11:28; Dan 11:30; Dan 11:32; Hos 6:7; Hos 8:1; Zech 9:11; Zech 11:10 a divine constitution given to Israel with promises on condition of obedience and penalties for disobendience, in the form of tables of the covenant Deut 9:9; Deut 9:11; Deut 9:15, inscribed with the ten words, placed in ׅ׳ארון ברית(י the ark of the covenant Num 10:33 + 40 t. (see ארון; in 1Sam 4:3; 1Sam 4:4 (twice in verse); 1Sam 4:5 omits ברית after ארון ᵐ5 We Dr); set forth in דברי הברית words of the covenant Exod 34:28 (J) Deut 28:69; Deut 29:8; 2Kgs 23:3 (= 2Chr 34:31) Jer 11:2-8 written in ספר הברית the book of the covenant Exod 24:7 (E compare Exod 34:27 J) 2Kgs 23:2; 2Kgs 23:21 (compare 2Chr 34:30).
\ \ d. with Phinehas Num 25:12; Num 25:13 (P), a constitution, establishing an everlasting priesthood in his line; compare ברית הכהנים Neh 13:29 & ברית הלוי Mal 2:4; Mal 2:8.
\ \ e. with Joshua and Israel Josh 24:25 (E), an ordinance or constitutional agreement to serve Yahweh only. feminine with David Ps 89:4; Ps 89:29; Ps 89:34; Ps 89:39; Ps 132:12; Jer 33:21 (compare 2Sam 7 = 1Chr 17); a divine promise to the seed of David of an everlasting kingdom, the relation of sonship, and the superintendence of the temple (compare Ps 2.)
\ \ g. Jehoiada and the people 2Kgs 11:17 = 2Chr 23:3, a constitutional agreement to be the people of Yahweh.
\ \ h. Hezekiah and the people 2Chr 29:10, a constitutional agreement to reform the worship.
\ \ i. Josiah and the people 2Kgs 23:3, a constitutional agreement to obey the book of the covenant.
\ \ j. Ezra and the people Ezra 10:3, a constitutional agreement to put away foreign wives and observe the Law.
\ \ k. the prophetic covenant, a divine promise through a series of prophets to establish a new constitution ברית חדשׁה Jer 31:31, with new institutions and precepts Isa 42:6; Isa 49:8; Isa 55:3; Isa 59:21; Isa 61:8; Jer 31:31; Jer 31:33; Jer 32:40; Jer 50:5; Ezek 16:60; Ezek 16:62; Ezek 20:37; Ezek 34:25; Ezek 37:26; Hos 2:20. In Isa2 the Messianic servant is ברית עם Isa 42:6; Isa 49:8, compare מלאך הברית Mal 3:1. III. Phrases.
1. covenant making: כרת ברית Gen 15:18; Exod 34:10; Exod 34:27 (J) Josh 24:25 (E) Deut 5:2; Deut 5:3; Deut 28:69; Deut 29:13; Deut 29:24; 1Kgs 5:26; 2Kgs 11:17; 2Kgs 17:35; 2Kgs 17:38; 2Kgs 23:3; 2Chr 21:7; 2Chr 23:3; 2Chr 23:16; 2Chr 29:10; 2Chr 34:30; Ezra 10:3; Neh 9:8; Ps 50:5; Ps 89:4; Isa 55:3; Isa 61:8; Jer 11:10; Jer 31:31; Jer 31:32; Jer 31:33; Jer 32:40; Jer 34:13; Ezek 34:25; Ezek 37:26; Hos 2:20 הקים ברית establish a covenant Gen 6:18; Gen 9:9; Gen 9:11; Gen 9:17; Gen 17:7; Gen 17:19; Gen 17:21; Exod 6:4 (P) Ezek 16:60; Ezek 16:62, but confirm covenant Lev 26:9 (?;H) Deut 8:18 נתן ברית Gen 17:2; Num 25:12 (P); שׂם ברית 2Sam 23:5 (poetry); עבר בברית Deut 29:11 בא בברית 2Chr 15:12; Ezek 16:8 צוה ברית Ps 111:9 נשׂא ברית על פי Ps 50:16. (compare further on these DrJ Ph xi. 1882, 210 ff.)
2. covenant keeping: on the part of man שׁמר ברית 1Kgs 11:11; Neh 1:5; Neh 9:32; Ps 78:10; Ps 103:18; Ps 132:12; Dan 9:4, נצר ברית Deut 33:9; Ps 25:10, מחזיקים בברית Isa 56:4; Isa 56:6 on the part of God זכר ברית Gen 9:15; Gen 9:16; Exod 2:24; Exod 6:5 (all P), Lev 26:42 (3 t. in verse) (H; on suffix compare Di Ges«GKC:128»§ 128, 1 R b) vLev 26:45 (H) Ps 105:8; Ps 106:45; Ps 111:5; 1Chr 16:15; Ezek 16:15; Ezek 16:60. Thus we have נאמנת Ps 89:29 ברית עולם Gen 9:16; Gen 17:7; Gen 17:13; Gen 17:18; Gen 17:19; Exod 31:16; Lev 24:8; Num 18:19; Num 25:13 (P) 2Sam 23:5 (poetry) 1Chr 16:17 (= Ps 105:10) Isa 24:5; Isa 55:3; Isa 61:8; Jer 32:40; Jer 50:5; Ezek 16:60; Ezek 37:26 ברית מלח Lev 2:13; 2Chr 13:5; 2Chr 21:7 (a cov't. with sacrificial meal and salt; on cov't. with salt in Arabia compare WeSkizzen iii. 124); ברית שׁלום Num 25:12 (P) Isa 54:10; Ezek 34:25; Ezek 37:26 הברית והחסד Deut 7:9; Deut 7:12; 1Kgs 8:23 (= 2Chr 6:14) Neh 1:5; Neh 9:32; Dan 9:4 ברית קדשׁ Dan 11:28; Dan 11:30 מסרת הברית Ezek 20:37.
3. covenant violation: עבר ברית Deut 17:2; Josh 7:11; Josh 7:15; Josh 23:16 (D) Judg 2:20; 2Kgs 18:12; Hos 6:7; Hos 8:1 הפר ברית Gen 17:14; Lev 26:15; Lev 26:44 (H) Deut 31:16; Deut 31:20 (J) Judg 2:1; Isa 24:5 (twice in verse); Jer 11:10; Jer 14:21; Jer 31:32; Jer 33:20; Jer 33:21; Ezek 16:59; Ezek 17:18; Ezek 17:19; Ezek 44:7; Zech 11:10 עזב ברית 1Kgs 19:10; 1Kgs 19:14; Jer 22:9; Dan 11:30 מאס ברית 2Kgs 17:15 נאר ברית Ps 89:39 חלל ברית Ps 89:34; Mal 2:10 שׁקר בברית Ps 44:18 שׁכח ברית Deut 4:23; Deut 4:31; Jer 50:5.


בְּרוֺשׁ, בְּרוֺת see below ברשׁ.


בָּרוּת see below I. ברה.


בֵּרוֺ֫תָה, בֵּרֹתי see below באר.


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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