Property - Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old Testament Words

Usage Number: 1
Part Of Speech: Verb
Strong's Number: H272
Original Word: ’ah?uzzâ
Usage Notes: "property; possession." This word appears 66 times, with most of its appearances being in Genesis-Joshua and Ezekiel.

Essentially ’ah?uzzâ is a legal term usually used of land, especially family holdings to be passed down to one's heirs. In Gen. 17:13 (an early occurrence of the word) Abram is promised the territory of Palestine as a familial or tribal possession until the indiscriminate future. In Gen. 23:20 (cf. vv. Gen. 23:4, 9) the word bears a similar meaning. The difference appears to be that here no feudal responsibilities were attached to this "possession." However, the rather small lot belonged to Abraham and his descendants as a burial site: "And the field, and the cave that is therein, were made sure unto Abraham for a possession of a burying place by the sons of Heth" (Gen. 23:20).

In Lev. 25:45-46 non-Israelites could also be inheritable property, but a fellow Israelite could not. The "inheritable property" of the Levites was not fields but the Lord Himself (Ezek. 44:28).

Usage Number: 2
Part Of Speech: Verb
Strong's Number: H270
Original Word: ’ah?az

Usage Notes: "to seize, grasp, hold fast, bolt (a door)." This verb, which occurs 64 times in biblical Hebrew, occurs also in most other Semitic languages. The verb appears in Gen. 25:26: "… And his hand took hold on Esau's heel…." The meaning of "to bolt" (a door) appears in Neh. 7:3: "… Let them shut and bolt [kjv, "bar"] the doors" (nasb). In 2 Chron. 9:18, ’ah?az means "fastened."

Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old Testament Words