Widow - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ 1,,G5503, chera ]
Matthew 28:13 (in some texts); Mark 12:40, Mark 12:42-Mark 12:43; Luke 2:37; Luke 4:25-Luke 4:26, lit., a woman a widow;" Luke 7:12; Luke 18:3, Luke 18:5; Luke 20:47; Luke 21:2-Luke 21:3; Acts 6:1; Acts 9:39, Acts 9:41; 1 Timothy 5:3 (twice), 1 Timothy 5:4-5, 1 Timothy 5:11, 1 Timothy 5:16 (twice); James 1:27; 1 Timothy 5:9 refers to elderly "widows" (not an ecclesiastical "order"), recognized, for relief or maintenance by the church (cp. 1 Timothy 5:3, 1 Timothy 5:16), as those who had fulfilled the conditions mentioned; where relief could be ministered by those who had relatives that were "widows" (a likely circumstance in large families), the church was not to be responsible; there is an intimation of the tendency to shelve individual responsibility at the expense of church funds. In Revelation 18:7, it is used figuratively of a city forsaken.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words