Rule (Noun and Verb) - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Rule (Noun and Verb)

[ A-1,Noun,G746, arche ]
a beginning," etc., denotes "rule," Luke 20:20, RV, "rule" (AV, "power"); 1 Corinthians 15:24; Ephesians 1:21, RV, "rule" (AV, "principality"). See BEGINNING, B.

[ A-2,Noun,G2583, kanon ]
is translated "rule" in the AV of 2 Corinthians 10:13, 2 Corinthians 10:15; in Galatians 6:16, AV and RV; in Philippians 3:16, AV (RV, in italics): See PROVINCE, No. 2.

[ B-1,Verb,G756, archo ]
(akin to A, No. 1), in the Active Voice denotes "to rule," Mark 10:42; Romans 15:12, RV, "to rule" (AV, "to reign"). See BEGIN, A, No. 1.

[ B-2,Verb,G3616, oikodespoteo ]
from oikos, "a house," and despotes, "a master," signifies "to rule the household;" so the RV in 1 Timothy 5:14 (AV, "guide the house"). See GUIDE, B, Note
(1). Cp. oikodespotes, "a householder."

[ B-3,Verb,G4291, proistemi ]
lit., "to stand before," hence, "to lead, attend to" (indicating care and diligence), is translated "to rule" (Middle Voice), with reference to a local church, in Romans 12:8; perfect Active in 1 Timothy 5:17; with reference to a family, 1 Timothy 3:4, 1 Timothy 3:12 (Middle Voice); 1 Timothy 3:5 (2nd aorist, Active). See MAINTAIN.

[ B-4,Verb,G2233, hegeomai ]
"to lead," is translated "to rule" in Hebrews 13:7, Hebrews 13:17, Hebrews 13:24 (AV marg., in the first two, "are the guides" and "guide."

[ B-5,Verb,G4165, poimaino ]
"to act as a shepherd, tend flocks," is translated "to rule" in Revelation 2:27; Revelation 12:5; Revelation 19:15, all indicating that the governing power exercised by the Shepherd is to be of a firm character; in Matthew 2:6, AV, "shall rule" (RV, "shall be shepherd of"). See FEED.

[ B-6,Verb,G1018, brabeuo ]
properly, "to act as an umpire" (brabeus), hence, generally, "to arbitrate, decide," Colossians 3:15, "rule" (RV, marg., "arbitrate"), representing "the peace of Christ" (RV) as deciding all matters in the hearts of believers; some regard the meaning as that of simply directing, controlling, "ruling." Cp. katabrabeuo; See ROB.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words