Frankincense - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
Frankincense[ 1,,G2030, libanos ]
from a Semitic verb signifying to be white," is a vegetable resin, bitter and glittering, obtained by incisions in the bark of the arbor thuris, "the incense tree," and especially imported through Arabia; it was used for fumigation at sacrifices, Exodus 30:7, etc., or for perfume, Song of Songs 3:6. The Indian variety is called looban. It was among the offerings brought by the wise men, Matthew 2:11. In Revelation 18:13 it is listed among the commodities of Babylon. The "incense" of Revelation 8:3 should be "frankincense." Cp. INCENSE.