Extort, Extortion, Extortioner - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Extort, Extortion, Extortioner

[ A-1,Verb,G4238, prasso ]
to practice," has the special meaning "extort" in Luke 3:13, RV (AV, "exact"). In Luke 19:23 it is translated "required;" it may be that the master, in addressing the slothful servant, uses the word "extort" or "exact" (as in Luke 3:13), in accordance with the character attributed to him by the servant.

[ B-1,Noun,G724, harpage ]
denotes "pillage, plundering, robbery, extortion" (akin to harpazo, "to seize, carry off by force," and harpagmos, "a thing seized, or the act of seizing;" from the root arp---, seen in Eng., "rapacious;" an associated noun, with the same spelling, denoted a rake, or hook for drawing up a bucket); it is translated "extortion" in Matthew 23:25; Luke 11:39, RV, AV, "ravening;" Hebrews 10:34, "spoiling." See RAVENING, SPOILING. Cp. C. below.

[ B-2,Noun,G4124, pleonexia ]
"covetousness, desire for advantage," is rendered "extortion" in 2 Corinthians 9:5, RV, (AV and RV marg., "covetousness"). See COVET.

[ C-1,Adjective,G727, harpax ]
"rapacious" (akin to No. 1), is translated as a noun, "extortioners," in Luke 18:11; 1 Corinthians 5:10-11; 1 Corinthians 6:10; in Matthew 7:15 "ravening" (of wolves). In the Sept., Genesis 49:27.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words