Enemy - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ 1,,G2190, echthros ]
an adjective, primarily denoting hated" or "hateful" (akin to echthos, "hate;" perhaps associated with ektos, "outside"), hence, in the Active sense, denotes "hating, hostile;" it is used as a noun signifying an "enemy," adversary, and is said
(a) of the Devil, Matthew 13:39; Luke 10:19;
(b) of death, 1 Corinthians 15:26;
(c) of the professing believer who would be a friend of the world, thus making himself an enemy of God, James 4:4;
(d) of men who are opposed to Christ, Matthew 13:25, Matthew 13:28; Matthew 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 19:27; Luke 20:43; Acts 2:35; Romans 11:28; Philippians 3:18; Hebrews 1:13; Hebrews 10:13; or to His servants, Revelation 11:5, Revelation 11:12. To the nation of Israel, Luke 1:71, Luke 1:74; Luke 19:43;
(e) of one who is opposed to righteousness, Acts 13:10;
(f) of Israel in its alienation from God, Romans 11:28;
(g) of the unregenerate in their attitude toward God, Romans 5:10; Colossians 1:21;
(h) of believers in their former state, 2 Thessalonians 3:15;
(i) of foes, Matthew 5:43-Matthew 5:44; Matthew 10:36; Luke 6:27, Luke 6:35; Romans 12:20; 1 Corinthians 15:25; of the Apostle Paul because he told converts "the truth," Galatians 4:16. See FOE. Cp. echthra, "enmity."

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words