Choice, Choose, Chosen - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Choice, Choose, Chosen

[ A-1,Verb,G1586, eklego ]
to pick out, select," means, in the Middle Voice, "to choose for oneself," not necessarily implying the rejection of what is not chosen, but "choosing" with the subsidiary ideas of kindness of favor or love, Mark 13:20; Luke 6:13; Luke 9:35 (RV); Luke 10:42; Luke 14:7; John 6:70; John 13:18; John 15:16, John 15:19; Acts 1:2, Acts 1:24; Acts 6:5; Acts 13:17; Acts 15:22, Acts 15:25; in Acts 15:7 it is rendered "made choice;" 1 Corinthians 1:27-28; Ephesians 1:4; James 2:5.

[ A-2,Verb,G1951, epilego ]
in the Middle Voice, signifies "to choose," either in addition or in succession to another. It has this meaning in Acts 15:40, of Paul's choice of Silas. For its other meaning, "to call or name," John 5:2, See CALL.

[ A-3,Verb,G138, haireo ]
"to take," is used in the Middle Voice only, in the sense of taking for oneself, choosing, 2 Thessalonians 2:13, of a "choice" made by God (as in Deuteronomy 7:6-Deuteronomy 7:7; Deuteronomy 26:18, Sept.); in Philippians 1:22; Hebrews 11:25, of human "choice." Its special significance is to select rather by the act of taking, than by showing preference or favor.

[ A-4,Verb,G140, hairetizo ]
akin to the verbal adjective hairetos, "that which may be taken" (See No.3), signifies "to take," with the implication that what is taken is eligible or suitable; hence, "to choose," by reason of this suitability, Matthew 12:18, of God's delight in Christ as His "choosen." It is frequent in the Sept., e.g., Genesis 30:20; Numbers 14:8; Psalms 25:12; Psalms 119:30, Psalms 119:173; Psalms 132:13-Psalms 132:14; Hosea 4:18; Haggai 2:23 ("he hath chosen the Canaanites"); Zechariah 1:17; Zechariah 2:12; Malachi 3:17.

[ A-5,Verb,G5500, cheirotoneo ]
See APPOINT, NO. 11.

[ A-6,Verb,G4401, procheirotoneo ]
signifies "to choose before," Acts 10:41, where it is used of a choice made before by God.


(1) For procheirizo See APPOINT, No. 12.

(2) Stratologeo, in 2 Timothy 2:4 (AV, "chosen to be a soldier"), signifies to enroll as a soldier (RV). See SOLDIER.

[ B-1,Adjective,G1588, eklektos ]
akin to A, No. 1, signifies "chosen out, select," e.g., Matthew 22:14; Luke 23:35; Romans 16:13 (perhaps in the sense of "eminent"); Revelation 17:14. In 1 Peter 2:4, 1 Peter 2:9, the RV translates it "elect." See ELECT.

[ C-1,Noun,G1589, ekloge ]
akin to A, No. 1 and B, "a picking out, choosing" (Eng., "eclogue"), is translated "chosen" in Acts 9:15, lit., "he is a vessel of choice unto Me." In the six other places where this word is found it is translated "election." See ELECTION.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words