Centurion - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
Centurion[ 1,,G1543, hekatontarchos ]
a centurion," denotes a military officer commanding from 50 to 100 men, according to the size of the legion of which it was a part (hekaton, "a hundred," archo, "to rule"), e.g., Matthew 8:5, Matthew 8:8.
[ 2,,G1543, hekatontarches ]
has the same meaning as No. 1, e.g., Acts 10:1, Acts 10:22. The Sept. has this word frequently, to denote "captains of hundreds."
[ 3,,G2760, kenturion ]
is a Greek transliteration of the Latin centurio, signifying practically the same as No. 1, Mark 15:39, Mark 15:44-Mark 15:45. There were ten "centurions" to a cohort when the numbers were complete. There were several at Jerusalem under the chief captain mentioned in Acts 21:31.