Temperance, Temperate - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Temperance, Temperate

[ A-1,Noun,G1466, enkrateia ]
from kratos, strength," occurs in Acts 24:25; Galatians 5:23; 2 Peter 1:6 (twice), in all of which it is rendered "temperance;" the RV marg., "self-control" is the preferable rendering, as "temperance" is now limited to one form of self-control; the various powers bestowed by God upon man are capable of abuse; the right use demands the controlling power of the will under the operation of the Spirit of God; in Acts 24:25 the word follows "righteousness," which represents God's claims, self-control being man's response thereto; in 2 Peter 1:6, it follows "knowledge," suggesting that what is learned requires to be put into practice.

[ B-1,Adjective,G1468, enkrates ]
akin to A, denotes "exercising self-control," rendered "temperate" in Titus 1:8.

[ B-2,Adjective,G3524, nephalios ]
for which See SOBER, is translated "temperate" in 1 Timothy 3:2, RV (AV, "vigilant"); in 1 Timothy 3:11; Titus 2:2, RV (AV, "sober").

Note: In Titus 2:2, AV, sophron, "sober," is rendered "temperate" (RV, "soberminded").

[ C-1,Verb,G1467, enkrateuomai ]
akin to A and B, No. 1, rendered "is temperate" in 1 Corinthians 9:25, is used figuratively of the rigid self-control practiced by athletes with a view to gaining the prize. See CONTINENCY.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words