Stand (Noun and Verb), Standing, Stood - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Stand (Noun and Verb), Standing, Stood

[ A-1,Noun,G3087, luchnia ]
a lampstand," is translated "stand" in Matthew 5:15 and parallel passages (AV, "candlestick"). See LAMPSTAND.

[ B-1,Verb,G2476, histemi ]

(a) transitively, denotes "to cause to stand, to set;" in the Passive Voice, "to be made to stand," e.g., Matthew 2:9, lit., "was made to stand;" so Luke 11:18; Luke 19:8 (Colossians 4:12 in some mss.); in Revelation 13:1 the RV follows the best texts, "he stood" (not as AV, "I stood"); the reference is to the Dragon. In the Middle Voice, "to take one's stand, place oneself," e.g., Revelation 18:15;
(b) intransitively, in the 2nd aorist and perfect Active, "to stand, stand by, stand still," e.g., Matthew 6:5; Matthew 20:32, "stood still;" in Luke 6:8, "stand forth" and "stood forth;" metaphorically, "to stand firm," John 8:44 (negatively), in the truth (See No. 7); Romans 5:2, in grace; 1 Corinthians 15:1, in the gospel; Romans 11:20, "by thy faith," RV; 2 Corinthians 1:24, "by faith" (marg., "by your faith"); of steadfastness, 1 Corinthians 7:37; Ephesians 6:11, Ephesians 6:13-Ephesians 6:14; Colossians 4:12 [some mss. have the Passive, See

[ B-2,Verb,G450, anistemi ]
"to raise," intransitively, "to rise," is translated "to stand up" in Matthew 12:41, RV; Mark 14:60; Luke 4:16; Luke 10:25; Acts 1:15; Acts 5:34; Acts 10:26; Acts 11:28; Acts 13:16; in Luke 14:10, "stand upright." See ARISE, No. 1.

[ B-3,Verb,G2186, ephistemi ]
(epi, "upon," and No. 1), used intransitively, denotes "to stand upon or by, be present," Luke 2:9 and Acts 12:7, "stood by," RV (AV, "came upon"); Luke 4:39, "stood over;" Luke 24:4; Acts 23:11, "stood by;" Acts 10:17, "stood;" Acts 22:13, "standing by (me)," RV; so Acts 22:20, AV and RV. See ASSAULT, COME, No. 27, HAND (AT), B Note

[ B-4,Verb,G3936, paristemi ]
intransitively, denotes "to stand by or beside" (para, "by," and No. 1), Mark 14:47, Mark 14:69-Mark 14:70; Mark 15:35, Mark 15:39 (RV, "stood by"); Luke 19:24; John 18:22; John 19:26; Acts 1:10; Acts 9:39; Acts 23:2, Acts 23:4; Acts 27:23; in Acts 27:24, "stand before;" in Acts 4:10, "doth ... stand here;" in Luke 1:19, "stand;" Romans 14:10, "we shall ... stand before" (Middle Voice); 2 Timothy 4:17, RV, "stood by" (AV, "... with"). See COMMEND, No. 4.

[ B-5,Verb,G4026, periistemi ]
intransitively, "to stand around" (peri), is so used in John 11:42; Acts 25:7. See AVOID, No. 4.

[ B-6,Verb,G4921, sunistemi ]
intransitively, denotes "to stand with" (sun), Luke 9:32; for 2 Peter 3:5, AV, "standing," See COMPACTED, No. 1: for other meanings See APPROVE, A, No. 2.

[ B-7,Verb,G4739, steko ]
a late present tense from hesteka, the perfect of histemi, is used
(a) literally, Mark 3:31; Mark 11:25; John 1:26, in the best texts (in some texts Revelation 12:4);
(b) figuratively, Romans 14:4, where the context indicates the meaning "standeth upright" rather than that of acquittal; of "standing fast," 1 Corinthians 16:13, "in the faith," i.e., by adherence to it; Galatians 5:1, in freedom from legal bondage; Philippians 1:27, "in one spirit;" Philippians 4:1; 1 Thessalonians 3:8, "in the Lord," i.e., in the willing subjection to His authority; 2 Thessalonians 2:15, in the Apostle's teaching; some mss. have it in John 8:44, the most authentic have histemi, RV, "stood" (AV, "abode").

[ B-8,Verb,G3306, meno ]
"to abide, remain," is rendered "might stand," in Romans 9:11, of the purpose of God, i.e., might abide for the permanent recognition of its true character. See ABIDE, No. 1.

[ B-9,Verb,G2944, kukloo ]
"stood round about," Acts 14:20, See COMPASS, No. 2.


(1) In Mark 3:3, egeiro, "to raise," followed by the phrase eis to meson, "into the midst," is translated "stand forth."

(2) In 2 Timothy 4:16, AV, paraginomai (in some texts, sumparaginomai), "to come up to assist," is rendered "stood with (me)," RV, "took (my) part."

(3) In Hebrews 9:8, RV, "is ... standing" (AV, "was ... standing") represents the phrase echo, "to have," stasis, "a standing," lit., "has a standing."

(4) For "stand ... in jeopardy" See DANGER.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words