Provocation, Provoke - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Provocation, Provoke

[ A-1,Noun,G3894, parapikrasmos ]
from para, amiss" or "from," used intensively, and pikraino, "to make bitter" (pikros, "sharp, bitter"), "provocation," occurs in Hebrews 3:8, Hebrews 3:15. In the Sept., Psalms 95:8.

[ A-2,Noun,G3948, paroxusmos ]
denotes "a stimulation" (Eng., "paroxysm"), (cp. B, No. 2): in Hebrews 10:24, "to provoke," lit., "unto a stimulation (of love)." See CONTENTION, No. 2.

[ B-1,Verb,G3893, parapikraino ]
"to embitter, provoke" (akin to A, No. 1), occurs in Hebrews 3:16.

[ B-2,Verb,G3947, paroxuno ]
primarily, "to sharpen" (akin to A, No. 2), is used metaphorically, signifying "to rouse to anger, to provoke," in the Passive Voice, in Acts 17:16, RV, "was provoked" (AV, "was stirred"); in 1 Corinthians 13:5, RV, "is not provoked" (the word "easily" in AV, represents no word in the original). See STIR.

[ B-3,Verb,G2042, erethizo ]
"to excite, stir up, provoke," is used
(a) in a good sense in 2 Corinthians 9:2, AV, "hath provoked," RV, "hath stirred up;"
(b) in an evil sense in Colossians 3:21, "provoke." See STIR.

[ B-4,Verb,G3949, parorgizo ]
"to provoke to wrath:" See ANGER, B, No. 2.

[ B-5,Verb,G3863, parazeloo ]
"to provoke to jealousy:" See JEALOUSY.

[ B-6,Verb,G653, apostomatizo ]
in classical Greek meant "to speak from memory, to dictate to a pupil" (apo, "from," stoma, "a mouth"); in later Greek, "to catechize;" in Luke 11:53, "to provoke (Him) to speak."

[ B-7,Verb,G4292, prokaleo ]
"to call forth," as to a contest, hence "to stir up what is evil in another," occurs in the Middle Voice in Galatians 5:26.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words