Offer, Offering - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Offer, Offering

[ A-1,Verb,G4374, prosphero ]
primarily, to bring to" (pros, "to," phero, "to bring"), also denotes "to offer,"
(a) of the sacrifice of Christ Himself, Hebrews 8:3; of Christ in virtue of his High Priesthood (RV, "this high priest;" AV, "this man"); Hebrews 9:14, Hebrews 9:25 (negative), Hebrews 9:28; Hebrews 10:12;
(b) of offerings under, or according to, the Law, e.g., Matthew 8:4; Mark 1:44; Acts 7:42; Acts 21:26; Hebrews 5:1, Hebrews 5:3; Hebrews 8:3; Hebrews 9:7, Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1-Hebrews 10:2, Hebrews 10:8, Hebrews 10:11;
(c) of "offerings" previous to the Law, Hebrews 11:4, Hebrews 11:17 (of Isaac by Abraham);
(d) of gifts "offered" to Christ, Matthew 2:11, RV, "offered" (AV, "presented unto");
(e) of prayers "offered" by Christ, Hebrews 5:7;
(f) of the vinegar "offered" to Him in mockery by the soldiers at the cross, Luke 23:36;
(g) of the slaughter of disciples by persecutors, who think they are "offering" service to God, John 16:2, RV (AV, "doeth");
(h) of money "offered" by Simon the sorcerer, Acts 8:18. See BRING, A, No. 8, DEAL WITH, No. 2.

[ A-2,Verb,G399, anaphero ]
primarily, "to lead" or "carry up" (ana), also denotes "to offer,"
(a) of Christ sacrifice, Hebrews 7:27;
(b) of sacrifices under the Law, Hebrews 7:27;
(c) of such previous to the Law, James 2:21 (of Isaac by Abraham);
(d) of praise, Hebrews 13:15;
(e) of spiritual sacrifices in general, 1 Peter 2:5. See BEAR, No. 3, BRING, A, No. 2.

[ A-3,Verb,G1325, didomi ]
to give, is translated "to offer" in Luke 2:24; in Revelation 8:3, AV, "offer" (RV, "add;" marg., "give"). See GIVE.

[ A-4,Verb,G3930, parecho ]
"to furnish, offer, present, supply," is used in Luke 6:29, of "offering" the other cheek to be smitten after receiving a similar insult; for the AV marg., in Acts 17:31, See ASSURANCE, A, No. 1. See BRING, A, No. 21.

[ A-5,Verb,G4689, spendo ]
"to pour out as a drink offering, make a libation," is used figuratively in the Passive Voice in Philippians 2:17, "offered" (RV marg., "poured out as a drink offering;" AV marg., "poured forth"). In 2 Timothy 4:6, "I am already being offered," RV (marg., "poured out as a drink-offering"), the Apostle is referring to his approaching death, upon the sacrifice of his ministry. This use of the word is exemplified in the papyri writings.


(1) In Luke 11:12, AV epididomi, "to give" (epi, "over," in the sense of "instead of," and No. 3), is translated "will he offer" (RV, and AV marg., "will he give").

(2) In Acts 7:41, AV, anago, "to lead up" or "bring up," is rendered "offered" (RV, "brought").

(3) In Acts 15:29; Acts 21:25; and 1 Corinthians 8:1, 1 Corinthians 8:4, 1 Corinthians 8:10; 1 Corinthians 10:19, AV, eidolothutos, "sacrificed to idols," is translated "offered to idols" (thuo denotes "to sacrifice"). See SACRIFICE.

[ B-1,Noun,G4376, prosphora ]
lit., "a bringing to" (akin to A, No. 1,), hence an "offering," in the NT a sacrificial "offering,"
(a) of Christ's sacrifice, Ephesians 5:2; Hebrews 10:10 (of His body); Hebrews 10:14; negatively, of there being no repetition, Hebrews 10:18;
(b) of "offerings" under, or according to, the Law, Acts 21:26; Hebrews 10:5, Hebrews 10:8;
(c) of gifts in kind conveyed to needy Jews, Acts 24:17;
(d) of the presentation of believers themselves (saved from among the Gentiles) to God, Romans 15:16.

[ B-2,Noun,G3646, holokautoma ]
"a burnt offering:" See BURNT.

[ B-3,Noun,G334, anathema ]
denotes "a gift set up in a temple, a votive offering" (ana, "up," tithemi, "to place"), Luke 21:5, RV "offerings" (AV, "gifts") Cp. anathema (See CURSE).


(1) In Luke 21:4, AV, the plural of doron, "a gift," is translated "offerings" (RV, "gifts").

(2) In Romans 8:3; Hebrews 13:11, the RV, "as an offering" is added to complete the sacrificial meaning of peri.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words