Hold (down, fast, forth, on, to, up), Held, Holden, (take) Hold - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Hold (down, fast, forth, on, to, up), Held, Holden, (take) Hold

[ 1,,G2192, echo ]
to have or hold," is used of mental conception, "to consider, account," e.g., Matthew 21:26; of "steadfast adherence to faith, or the faith," e.g., 1 Timothy 1:19; 1 Timothy 3:9; 2 Timothy 1:13. See HAVE.

[ 2,,G2722, katecho ]
"to hold firmly, hold fast" (kata, "down," and No. 1), is rendered "hold fast" in 1 Corinthians 11:2, RV (AV, "keep"); 1 Thessalonians 5:21; Hebrews 3:6, Hebrews 3:14 (RV); Hebrews 10:23; "hold down," Romans 1:18, RV, of unrighteous men who restrain the spread of truth by their unrighteousness, or, as RV marg., "who hold the truth in (or with) unrighteousness," contradicting their profession by their conduct (cp. Romans 2:15, RV); in Romans 7:6, RV, "holden," AV, "held," of the Law as that which had "held" in bondage those who through faith in Christ were made dead to it as a means of life. See KEEP, MAKE (toward), POSSESS, RESTRAIN, SEIZE, STAY, TAKE.

[ 3,,G472, antecho ]
anti "against, or to," and No. 1, signifies in the Middle Voice,
(a) "to hold firmly to, cleave to," of "holding" or cleaving to a person, Matthew 6:24; Luke 16:13; of "holding" to the faithful word, Titus 1:9, RV, AV, "holding fast;"
(b) "to support," 1 Thessalonians 5:14 (the weak). See SUPPORT.

[ 4,,G4912, sunecho ]
sun, "with," intensive, and No. 1, is used of "holding" a prisoner, in Luke 22:63. See CONSTRAIN, KEEP, PRESS, STOP, STRAIT, STRAITENED, TAKE.

[ 5,,G1907, epecho ]
is used in Philippians 2:16, of "holding" forth the word of life (epi, "forth," and No. 1). See (give) HEED, (take) HEED, MARK, STAY.

[ 6,,G2902, krateo ]
"to be strong, mighty, to prevail,"

(1) is most frequently rendered "to lay or take hold on"
(a) literally, e.g., Matthew 12:11; Matthew 14:3; Matthew 18:28; Matthew 21:46, RV (AV, "laid on hands on"); Matthew 22:6, RV (AV, "took"); Matthew 26:55, AV (RV, "took"); RV, "took hold of" (AV, "held by"); Mark 3:21; Mark 6:17; Mark 12:12; Mark 14:51; Acts 24:6, RV (AV, "took"); Revelation 20:2;
(b) metaphorically, of "laying hold of the hope of the Lord's return," Hebrews 6:18;

(2) also signifies "to hold" or "hold fast," i.e., firmly,
(a), literally, Matthew 26:48, AV (RV, "take"); Acts 3:11; Revelation 2:1;
(b) metaphorically, of "holding fast a tradition or teaching," in an evil sense, Mark 7:3-Mark 7:4, Mark 7:8; Revelation 2:14-Revelation 2:15; in a good sense, 2 Thessalonians 2:15; Revelation 2:25; Revelation 3:11; of "holding" Christ, i.e., practically apprehending Him, as the head of His church, Colossians 2:19; a confession, Hebrews 4:14; the name of Christ, i.e., abiding by all that His name implies, Revelation 2:13; of restraint, Luke 24:16, "(their eyes) were holden;" of the winds, Revelation 7:1; of the impossibility of Christ's being "holden" of death, Acts 2:24. See KEEP, RETAIN (of sins), TAKE.

[ 7,,G1949, epilambano ]
"to lay hold of, to take hold of" (epi, "upon," lambano, "to take"), with a special purpose, always in the Middle Voice, is so translated in Luke 20:20, Luke 20:26, of taking "hold" of Christ's words; in Luke 23:26; Acts 21:33, RV, of laying "hold" of persons; in 1 Timothy 6:12, 1 Timothy 6:19, of laying "hold" on eternal life, i.e., practically appropriating all the benefits, privileges and responsibilities involved in the possession of it; in Hebrews 2:16, RV "He taketh hold" (AV "took on") perhaps to be viewed in connection with "deliver" (Hebrews 2:15) and "succor" (Hebrews 2:18). See APPREHEND CATCH, TAKE.

[ 8,,G5083, tereo ]
akin to A, No. 1, under HOLD (Noun), "to watch over, keep, give heed to, observe," is rendered "hold fast" in Revelation 3:3, AV (RV, "keep"). See KEEP, OBSERVE RESERVE, WATCH.

[ 9,,G1510, eimi ]
"to be," is used in the imperfect tense, with the preposition, sun, "with," in the idiomatic phrase "held with," in Acts 14:4, lit., "were with."


(1) In Romans 14:4, histemi, "to cause to stand," in the Passive Voice, "to be made to stand," is used in both forms, the latter in the first part, RV, "he shall be made to stand" (AV, "he shall be holden up"), the Active Voice in the second part, AV, and RV, "to make stand."

(2) In Matthew 12:14, RV, lambano, "to take," is translated "took (counsel)," AV, "held (a council)."

(3) In Mark 15:1, some mss. have the verb poieo, "to make," rendered "held (a consultation);" the most authentic have hetoimazo, "to prepare," also translated "held."

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words