Grievous, Grievously - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Grievous, Grievously

[ A-1,Adjective,G926, barus ]
denotes heavy, burdensome;" it is always used metaphorically in the NT, and is translated "heavy" in Matthew 23:4, of Pharisaical ordinances; in the comparative degree "weightier," Matthew 23:23, of details of the law of God; "grievous," metaphorically of wolves, in Acts 20:29; of charges, Acts 25:7; negatively of God's commandments, 1 John 5:3 (causing a burden on him who fulfills them); in 2 Corinthians 10:10, "weighty," of Paul's letters. See HEAVY, WEIGHTY.

[ A-2,Adjective,G4190, poneros ]
"painful, bad," is translated "grievous" in Revelation 16:2, of a sore inflicted retributively. See BAD.

[ A-3,Adjective,G1419, dusbastaktos ]
"hard to be borne" (from dus, an inseparable prefix, like Eng. "mis---," and "un---," indicating "difficulty, injuriousness, opposition," etc., and bastazo, "to bear"), is used in Luke 11:46 and, in some mss., in Matthew 23:4, "grievous to be borne;" in the latter the RV marg. has "many ancient authorities omit."

[ A-4,Adjective,G5467, chalepos ]
"hard," signifies
(a) "hard to deal with," Matthew 8:28 (See FIERCE);
(b) "hard to bear, grievous," 2 Timothy 3:1, RV, "greivous" (AV, "perilous"), said of a characteristic of the last days of this age. See FIERCE.


(1) For the noun lupe, "grievous," in Hebrews 12:11, See GRIEF.

(2) In Philippians 3:1, the adjective okneros, "shrinking," or "causing shrinking," hence, "tedious" (akin to okneo, "to shrink"), is rendered "irksome" in the RV (AV, "grievous"); the Apostle intimates that, not finding his message tedious, he has no hesitation in giving it. In Matthew 25:26; Romans 12:11, "slothful."

[ B-1,Adverb,G1171, deinos ]
akin to deos, "fear," signifies
(a) "terribly," Matthew 8:6, "grievously (tormented);"
(b) "vehemently," Luke 11:53. See VEHEMENTLY.

[ B-2,Adverb,G2560, kakos ]
"badly, ill," is translated "grievously (vexed)," in Matthew 15:22. See AMISS, EVIL, MISERABLY, SORE.


(1) In Mark 9:20; Luke 9:42, the RV renders the verb susparasso "tare (him) grievously," the adverb bringing out the intensive force of the prefix su--- (i.e., sun); the meaning may be "threw violently to the ground."

(2) In Matthew 17:15, the idiomatic phrase, consisting of No. 2 (above) with echo, "to have," (lit., "hath badly"), is rendered "suffereth grievously," RV (AV, "is ... sore vexed").

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words