Foundation (to lay), Founded - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Foundation (to lay), Founded

[ A-1,Noun,2310,themelios / themelion ] is properly an adjective denoting belonging to a foundation" (connected with tithemi, "to place"). It is used

(1) as a noun, with lithos, "a stone," understood, in Luke 6:48-Luke 6:49; Luke 14:29; Hebrews 11:10; Revelation 21:14, Revelation 21:19;

(2) as a neuter noun in Acts 16:26, and metaphorically,
(a) of "the ministry of the Gospel and the doctrines of the faith," Romans 15:20; 1 Corinthians 3:10-12; Ephesians 2:20, where the "of" is not subjective (i.e., consisting of the apostles and prophets), but objective, (i.e., laid by the apostles, etc.); so in 2 Timothy 2:19, where "the foundation of God" is "the foundation laid by God," -- not the Church (which is not a "foundation"), but Christ Himself, upon whom the saints are built; Hebrews 6:1;
(b) "of good works," 1 Timothy 6:19.

[ A-2,Noun,G2602, katabole ]
lit., "a casting down," is used
(a) of "conceiving seed," Hebrews 11:11;
(b) of "a foundation," as that which is laid down, or in the sense of founding; metaphorically, of "the foundation of the world;" in this respect two phrases are used,

(1) "from the foundation of the world," Matthew 25:34 (in the most authentic mss. in Matthew 13:35 there is no phrase representing "of the world"); Luke 11:50; Hebrews 4:3; Hebrews 9:26; Revelation 13:8; Revelation 17:8;

(2) "before the foundation of the world," John 17:24; Ephesians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:20. The latter phrase looks back to the past eternity.

[ B-1,Verb,G2311, themelioo ]
"to lay a foundation, to found" (akin to A, No. 1), is used
(a) literally, Matthew 7:25; Luke 6:48; Hebrews 1:10;
(b) metaphorically, Ephesians 3:17, "grounded (in love);" Colossians 1:23 (ditto, "in the faith"); 1 Peter 5:10, AV, "settle." See GROUND, SETTLE.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words