Fill, Fill up - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Fill, Fill up

[ A-1,Verb,G4137, pleroo ]
(I) to make full, to fill to the full;" in the Passive Voice, "to be filled, made full;" it is used

(1) of things: a net, Matthew 13:48; a building, John 12:3; Acts 2:2; a city, Acts 5:28; needs, Philippians 4:19, AV, "supply," RV, "fulfill;" metaphorically, of valleys, Luke 3:5; figuratively, of a measure of iniquity, Matthew 23:32;

(2) of persons:
(a) of the members of the church, the body of Christ, as filled by Him, Ephesians 1:23 ("all things in all the members"); Ephesians 4:10; in Ephesians 3:19, of their being filled "into" (eis), RV, "unto," AV, "with" (all the fullness of God); of their being "made full" in Him, Colossians 2:10 (RV, for AV, "complete");
(b) of Christ Himself: with wisdom, in the days of His flesh, Luke 2:40; with joy, in His return to the Father, Acts 2:28;
(c) of believers: with the Spirit, Ephesians 5:18; with joy, Acts 13:52; 2 Timothy 1:4; with joy and peace, Romans 15:13; [from these are to be distinguished those passages which speak of joy as being fulfilled or completed, which come under FULFILL, John 3:29; John 15:11 (RV); John 16:24 (RV); Philippians 2:2; 1 John 1:4 (RV); 2 John 1:12 (RV)]; with knowledge, Romans 15:14; with comfort, 2 Corinthians 7:4; with the fruits of righteousness, Philippians 1:11 (Gk. "fruit"); with the knowledge of God's will, Colossians 1:9; with abundance through material supplies by fellow believers, Philippians 4:18;
(d) of the hearts of believers as the seat of emotion and volition, John 16:6 (sorrow) Acts 5:3 (deceitfulness);
(e) of the unregenerate who refuse recognition of God, Romans 1:29; (II) "to accomplish, complete, fulfill." See ACCOMPLISH, FULFILL.

[ A-2,Verb,G378, anapleroo ]
"to fill up adequately, completely" (ana, "up," and No. 1), is twice translated by the verbs "to fill, to fill up," in 1 Corinthians 14:16, RV (for AV, "occupieth"), of a believer as a member of an assembly, who "fills" the position or condition (not one who "fills" it by assuming it) of being unable to understand the language of him who had the gift of tongues; in 1 Thessalonians 2:16, "to fill up their sins," of the Jews who persisted in their course of antagonism and unbelief. See FULFILL.

[ A-3,Verb,G466, antanapleroo ]
"to fill up in turn (or on one's part;" anti, "corresponding to," and No. 2), is used in Colossians 1:24, of the Apostle's responsive devotion to Christ in "filling" up, or undertaking on his part a full share of, the sufferings which follow after the sufferings of Christ, and are experienced by the members of His Body, the church. "The point of the Apostle's boast is that Christ, the sinless Master, should have left something for Paul, the unworthy servant, to suffer" (Lightfoot, on Col., p. 165).

[ A-4,Verb,G4845, sumpleroo ]
"to fill completely" (sun, "with," and No. 1), is used in the Passive Voice
(a) of a boat filling with water, and, by metonymy, of the occupants themselves, Luke 8:23 (RV, "were filling");
(b) of "fulfilling," with regard to time, "when the days were well-nigh come," RV, for AV, "when the time was come" (RV, marg., "were being fulfilled"), Luke 9:51; Acts 2:1, See RV, marg. See COME. In the Sept. Jeremiah 25:12.

[ A-5,Verb,4130,pimplemi / pletho ] lengthened forms of pleo, "to fill" (pletho supplies certain tenses of pimplemi), is used

(1) of things; boats, with fish, Luke 5:7; a sponge, with vinegar, Matthew 27:48 (some mss. have this verb in John 19:29); a city, with confusion, Acts 19:29; a wedding, with guests, Matthew 22:10;

(2) of persons (only in Luke's writings:
(a) with the Holy Spirit, Luke 1:15, Luke 1:41, Luke 1:67; Acts 2:4; Acts 4:8, Acts 4:31; Acts 9:17; Acts 13:9;
(b) with emotions: wrath, Luke 4:28; fear, Luke 5:26; madness, Luke 6:11; wonder, amazement, Acts 3:10; jealousy, Acts 5:17, RV, for AV, "indignation," and Acts 13:45 (AV, "envy"). For its other significance, "to complete," See ACCOMPLISH.

[ A-6,Verb,1705,empiplemi / empletho ] (as in No. 5), "to fill full, to satisfy," is used
(a) of "filling" the hungry, Luke 1:53; John 6:12; of the abundance of the rich, Luke 6:25;
(b) metaphorically, of a company of friends, Romans 15:24, RV, "satisfied," for AV, "filled."

[ A-7,Verb,G1705, empiplao ]
an alternative form of No. 6, is found in Acts 14:17, "filling (your hearts)," of God's provision for mankind.

[ A-8,Verb,G5526, chortazo ]
"to fill or satisfy with food," e.g., Matthew 15:33; Philippians 4:12, is used metaphorically in Matthew 5:6; Luke 6:21. See FEED.

[ A-9,Verb,G1072, gemizo ]
"to fill or load full," is used of a boat, Mark 4:37 (RV, "was filling"); a sponge, Mark 15:36 (cp. No. 5, Matthew 27:48); a house, Luke 14:23; the belly, Luke 15:16; waterpots, John 2:7; baskets, John 6:13; bowls, with fire, Revelation 8:5; the temple, with smoke, Revelation 15:8. Cp. gemo, "to be full." See FULL.

[ A-10,Verb,G2880, korennumi ]
"to satisfy" (akin to koros, "a surfeit"), is used metaphorically of spiritual things, in 1 Corinthians 4:8, RV, "ye are filled;" in Acts 27:38, "had eaten enough," lit., "having being satisfied with food." See EAT, ENOUGH.

[ A-11,Verb,G3325, mestoo ]
"to fill full," from mestos, "full," is used of being "filled" with wine, Acts 2:13, RV, "are filled with."

[ B-1,Noun,G4138, pleroma ]
fullness, has two meanings,
(a) in the Active sense, "that which fills up," a piece of undressed cloth on an old garment, Matthew 9:16; Mark 2:21, lit., "the filling" (RV, "that which should fill it up"), i.e., "the patch," which is probably the significance;
(b) "that which has been completed, the fullness," e.g., Mark 8:20. See FULLNESS.


(1) In Revelation 18:6, AV, kerannumi, "to mix," is incorrectly rendered "to fill full" (RV, to mingle).

(2) In Revelation 15:1, AV, teleo, "to finish, complete," is incorrectly rendered "filled up" (RV, "finished"); the contents of the seven bowls are not the sum total of the Divine judgments; they form the termination of them; there are many which precede (See previous chapters), which are likewise comprised under "the wrath of God," to be executed at the closing period of the present age, e.g., Revelation 6:17; Revelation 11:18; Revelation 14:10, Revelation 14:19.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words