Disease, Diseased (be) - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Disease, Diseased (be)

[ A-1,Noun,G769, astheneia ]
lit., lacking strength" (a negative, sthenos, "strength"), "weakness, infirmity," is translated "diseases" in Matthew 8:17, RV, for AV, "sicknesses," and in Acts 28:9. Its usual rendering is "infirmity" or "infirmities;" "sickness," in John 11:4. Cp. B, No. 1. See INFIRMITY, SICKNESS, WEAKNESS.

[ A-2,Noun,G3119, malakia ]
primarily denotes "softness" (cp. malakos, "soft," Matthew 11:8, etc.); hence, "debility, disease." It is found in Matthew only, Matthew 4:23; Matthew 9:35; Matthew 10:1. It is frequent in the Sept., e.g., Genesis 42:4; Genesis 44:29; Deuteronomy 7:15; Deuteronomy 28:61; Isaiah 38:9; Isaiah 53:3.

[ A-3,Noun,G3554, nosos ]
akin to Lat. nocere, "to injure" (Eng., "nosology"), is the regular word for "disease, sickness," Matthew 4:23; Matthew 8:17; Matthew 9:35; Matthew 10:1, RV, "disease," AV, "sickness;" in Matthew 4:24; Mark 1:34; Luke 4:40; Luke 6:17; Luke 9:1; Acts 19:12, AV and RV render it "diseases." In Luke 7:21, AV has "infirmities." The most authentic mss. omit the word in Mark 3:15. See SICKNESS.

[ A-4,Noun,G3553, nosema ]
an alternative form of No. 3, is found in some mss. in John 5:4. Cp. noseo, "to dote about, have a diseased craving for," 1 Timothy 6:4.

[ B-1,Verb,G770, astheneo ]
akin to A, No. 1, "to lack strength, to be weak, sick," is translated "were diseased" in John 6:2, AV (RV, "were sick"). See IMPOTENT, SICK, WEAK.

[ B-2,Verb,2192 2560,echo kakos ] lit., "to have badly," i.e, "to be ill or in an evil case," is used in Matthew 14:35 (AV, "were diseased," RV, "were sick"); so in Mark 1:32; Luke 7:2. See SICK.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words