Daughter, Daughter-in-law - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Daughter, Daughter-in-law

[ 1,,G2364, thugater ]
a daughter," (etymologically, Eng., "daughter" is connected), is used of
(a) the natural relationship (frequent in the Gospels);
(b) spiritual relationship to God, 2 Corinthians 6:18, in the sense of the practical realization of acceptance with, and the approval of, God (cp. Isaiah 43:6), the only place in the NT where it applies to spiritual relationship;
(c) the inhabitants of a city or region, Matthew 21:5; John 12:15 ("of Zion"); cp. Isaiah 37:22; Zephaniah 3:14 (Sept.);
(d) the women who followed Christ to Calvary, Luke 23:28;
(e) women of Aaron's posterity, Luke 1:5;
(f) a female descendant of Abraham, Luke 13:16.

[ 2,,G2365, thugatrion ]
a diminutive of No. 1, denotes "a little daughter," Mark 5:23; Mark 7:25.

[ 3,,G3933, parthenos ]
"a maiden, virgin," e.g., Matthew 1:23, signifies a virgin-daughter in 1 Corinthians 7:36-38 (RV); in Revelation 14:4, it is used of chaste persons. See VIRGIN.

[ 4,,G3565, numphe ]
Eng. "nymph", denotes "a bride," John 3:29; also "a daughter-in-law," Matthew 10:35; Luke 12:53. See BRIDE.

Note: In 1 Peter 3:6, teknon, "a child," is translated "daughters" (AV), "children" (RV).

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words