Compassion, Compassionate - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Compassion, Compassionate

[ A-1,Verb,G3627, oikteiro ]
to have pity, a feeling of distress through the ills of others," is used of God's compassion, Romans 9:15.

[ A-2,Verb,G4697, splanchnizomai ]
"to be moved as to one's inwards (splanchna), to be moved with compassion, to yearn with compassion," is frequently recorded of Christ towards the multitude and towards individual sufferers, Matthew 9:36; Matthew 14:14; Matthew 15:32; Matthew 18:27; Matthew 20:34; Mark 1:41; Mark 6:34; Mark 8:2; Mark 9:22 (of the appeal of a father for a demon-possessed son); Luke 7:13; Luke 10:33; of the father in the parable of the Prodigal Son, Luke 15:20. (Moulton and Milligan consider the verb to have been coined in the Jewish dispersion).

[ A-3,Verb,G4834, sumpatheo ]
"to suffer with another (sun, 'with,' pascho, 'to suffer'), to be affected similarly" (Eng., "sympathy"), to have "compassion" upon, Hebrews 10:34, of "compassionating" those in prison, is translated "be touched with" in Hebrews 4:15, of Christ as the High Priest. See TOUCH.

[ A-4,Verb,G1653, eleeo ]
"to have mercy (eleos, "mercy"), to show kindness, by beneficence, or assistance," is translated "have compassion" in Matthew 18:33 (AV); Mark 5:19; Jude 1:22. See MERCY.

[ A-5,Verb,G3356, metriopatheo ]
is rendered "have compassion," in Hebrews 5:2, AV. See BEAR, No. 13.

[ B-1,Noun,G3628, oiktirmos ]
akin to A, No. 1, is used with splanchna (See below), "the viscera, the inward parts," as the seat of emotion, the "heart," Philippians 2:1; Colossians 3:12, "a heart of compassion" (AV, "bowels of mercies"). In Hebrews 10:28 it is used with choris, "without," (lit., "without compassions"). It is translated "mercies" in Romans 12:1; 2 Corinthians 1:3. See MERCY.

[ B-2,Noun,G4698, splanchnon ]
always used in the plural, is suitably rendered "compassion" in the RV of Colossians 3:12; 1 John 3:17; "compassions" in Philippians 2:1, Cp. A, No. 2. See BOWELS.

[ C-1,Adjective,G4835, sumpathes ]
denotes suffering with, "compassionate," 1 Peter 3:8, RV (AV, "having compassion"). See A, No. 3.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words