Cheer, Cheerful, Cheerfully, Cheerfulness - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Cheer, Cheerful, Cheerfully, Cheerfulness

[ A-1,Verb,G2114, euthumeo ]
signifies, in the Active Voice, to put in good spirits, to make cheerful" (eu, "well," thumos, "mind or passion"); or, intransitively, "to be cheerful," Acts 27:22, Acts 27:25; James 5:13 (RV, "cheerful," for AV, "merry"). See MERRY.

[ A-2,Verb,G2293, tharseo ]
"to be of good courage, of good cheer" (tharsos, "courage, confidence"), is used only in the imperative mood, in the NT; "be of good cheer," Matthew 9:2, Matthew 9:22; Matthew 14:27; Mark 6:50; Mark 10:49; Luke 8:48; John 16:33; Acts 23:11. See BOLD, A, No. 1, COMFORT, COURAGE.

[ B-1,Adjective,G2115, euthumos ]
means "of good cheer" (See A, No. 1), Acts 27:36.

[ B-2,Adjective,G2431, hilaros ]
from hileos, "propitious," signifies that readiness of mind, that joyousness, which is prompt to do anything; hence, "cheerful" (Eng., "hilarious"), 2 Corinthians 9:7, "God loveth a cheerful (hilarious) giver."

Note: In the Sept. the verb hilaruno translates a Hebrew word meaning "to cause to shine," in Psalms 104:15.

[ C-1,Adverb,G2115, euthumos ]
cheerfully (See A, No. 1), is found in the most authentic mss., in Acts 24:10, instead of the comparative degree, euthumoteron.

[ D-1,Noun,G2432, hilarotes ]
"cheerfulness" (akin to B, No. 2), is used in Romans 12:8, in connection with showing mercy.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words