Chasten, Chastening, Chastise, Chastisement - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Chasten, Chastening, Chastise, Chastisement

[ A-1,Verb,G3811, paideuo ]
primarily denotes to train children," suggesting the broad idea of education (pais, "a child"), Acts 7:22; Acts 22:3; See also Titus 2:12, "instructing" (RV), here of a training gracious and firm; grace, which brings salvation, employs means to give us full possession of it; hence, "to chastise," this being part of the training, whether
(a) by correcting with words, reproving, and admonishing, 1 Timothy 1:20 (RV, "be taught"); 2 Timothy 2:25, or
(b) by "chastening" by the infliction of evils and calamities, 1 Corinthians 11:32; 2 Corinthians 6:9; Hebrews 12:6-Hebrews 12:7, Hebrews 12:10; Revelation 3:19. The verb also has the meaning "to chastise with blows, to scourge," said of the command of a judge, Luke 23:16, Luke 23:22. See CORRECTION, B, INSTRUCT, LEARN, TEACH, and cp. CHILD (Nos. 4 to 6).

[ B-1,Noun,G3809, paideia ]
denotes "the training of a child, including instruction;" hence, "discipline, correction," "chastening," Ephesians 6:4, RV (AV, "nurture"), suggesting the Christian discipline that regulates character; so in Hebrews 12:5, Hebrews 12:7-Hebrews 12:8 (in Hebrews 12:8, AV, "chastisement," the RV corrects to "chastening"); in 2 Timothy 3:16, "instruction." See INSTRUCTION, NURTURE.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words