Burn, Burning - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Burn, Burning

[ A-1,Verb,G2545, kaio ]
to set fire to, to light;" in the Passive Voice, "to be lighted, to burn," Matthew 5:15; John 15:6; Hebrews 12:18; Revelation 4:5; Revelation 8:8, Revelation 8:10; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 21:8; 1 Corinthians 13:3, is used metaphorically of the heart, Luke 24:32; of spiritual light, Luke 12:35; John 5:35. See LIGHT.

[ A-2,Verb,G2618, katakaio ]
from kata, "down" (intensive), and No. 1 signifies "to burn up, burn utterly," as of chaff, Matthew 3:12; Luke 3:17; tares, Matthew 13:30, Matthew 13:40; the earth and its works, 2 Peter 3:10; trees and grass, Revelation 8:7. This form should be noted in Acts 19:19, 1 Corinthians 3:15; Hebrews 13:11; Revelation 17:16. In each place the full rendering "burn utterly" might be used, as in Revelation 18:8.

[ A-3,Verb,G1572, ekkaio ]
from ek, "out" (intensive), and No. 1, lit., "to burn out," in the Passive Voice, "to be kindled, burn up," is used of the lustful passions of men, Romans 1:27.

[ A-4,Verb,G4448, puroomai ]
from pur, "fire, to glow with heat," is said of the feet of the Lord, in the vision in Revelation 1:15; it is translated "fiery" in Ephesians 6:16 (of the darts of the evil one); used metaphorically of the emotions, in 1 Corinthians 7:9; 2 Corinthians 11:29; elsewhere literally, of the heavens, 2 Peter 3:12; of gold, Revelation 3:18 (RV, "refined"). See FIERY, FIRE, TRY.

[ A-5,Verb,G1714, empipremi ]
or empretho, "to burn up," occurs in Matthew 2:7.

[ B-1,Noun,G2740, kausis ]
akin to A, No. 1 (Eng., "caustic"), is found in Hebrews 6:8, lit., "whose end is unto burning." Cp. BRANDED.

[ B-2,Noun,G2742, kauson ]
is rendered "burning heat" in James 1:11, AV (RV, "scorching"). See HEAT.

[ B-3,Noun,G4451, purosis ]
akin to A. No. 4, is used literally in Revelation 18:9, Revelation 18:18; metaphorically in 1 Peter 4:12, "fiery trial." See TRIAL.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words