Bride, Bridechamber, Bridegroom - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Bride, Bridechamber, Bridegroom

[ 1,,G3565, numphe ]
(Eng. nymph") "a bride, or young wife," John 3:29; Revelation 18:23; Revelation 21:2, Revelation 21:9; Revelation 22:17, is probably connected with the Latin nubo, "to veil;" the "bride" was often adorned with embroidery and jewels (See Revelation 21:2), and was led veiled from her home to the "bridegroom." Hence the secondary meaning of "daughter-in-law," Matthew 10:35; Luke 12:53. See DAUGHTER-IN-LAW. For the relationship between Christ and a local church, under this figure, See 2 Corinthians 11:2; regarding the whole church, Ephesians 5:23-Ephesians 5:32; Revelation 22:17.

[ 2,,G3566, numphios ]
"a bridegroom," occurs fourteen times in the Gospels, and in Revelation 18:23. "The friend of the bridegroom," John 3:29, is distinct from "the sons of the bride-chamber" who were numerous. When John the Baptist speaks of "the friend of the Bridegroom," he uses language according to the customs of the Jews.

[ 3,,G3567, numphon ]
(a) "the room or dining hall in which the marriage ceremonies were held," Matthew 22:10; some mss. have gamos, "a wedding," here;
(b) "the chamber containing the bridal bed," "the sons of the bridechamber" being the friends of the bridegroom, who had the charge of providing what was necessary for the nuptials, Matthew 9:15; Mark 2:19; Luke 5:34.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words