BDB9189 [H8552]

[תָּמַם], תַּם verb be complete, finished (Arabic id., Phoenician תם, Syriac derived species and derivatives; compare Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew (rare), Aramaic תְּמִימָא, perfect); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular תַּם Gen 47:18 + 3 t. (+ Qr מֵאֵשׁ֯ תַּם Jer 6:29); 3 plural תַּמּוּ Deut 2:16 +; תָּ֑מּוּ 2Kgs 7:13 1 plural תַּמְנוּ (Ges«GKC:67dd»§ 67dd) Num 17:28; Ps 64:7 תָּ֑מְנוּ Jer 44:18 (Lam 3:22 read תַּמּוּ ᵑ7 ᵑ6 Ew Löhr Bu); Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִתֹּם (Ges«GKC:67g»§ 67g) Gen 47:15; Ezek 47:12 3 feminine singular תִתֻּם Ezek 24:11 (Ges«GKC:67q»§ 67q; strike out Co), תִּתֹּם Gen 47:18; 1Kgs 7:22 1 singular אֵיתָ֑ם Ps 19:14 3 masculine plural יִתַּ֫מּוּ Num 14:35 +, וַיִּתְּמוּ Deut 34:8 Infinitive construct תֹּם Lev 25:29 + 10 t.; תָּםֿ Isa 18:5 suffix תֻּתִּי Jer 27:8 + 7 t. suffix; —
1. be finished, completed; the writing of words Deut 31:24; Deut 31:30 (see Dr.; J), Job 31:40 building of temple 1Kgs 6:22, compare 1Kgs 7:22 fulfilled, ׳י's command (by obedience) Josh 4:10 (E); as auxil. + finite verb = completely, wholly, entirely, תַּמּוּ נִבְתָ֑וּ Josh 3:16 (E) were wholly cut off; סָפוּ תַמּוּ Ps 73:19 entirely consumed; followed by ל infinitive: תַּמּוּ לעבור were finished in regard to, etc., i.e. were entirely passed over Josh 3:17; Josh 4:1; Josh 4:11 (JE) 2Sam 15:24 לחמּול Josh 5:8 (E) entirely circumcised, Num 17:28.
2. be finished, come to an end, cease: the year, Gen 47:18 (J), Lev 25:29 (P), Jer 1:3 the years of ׳י have no end Ps 102:28 days of weeping Deut 34:8 (P), compare Lam 4:22 also Isa 18:5; Lam 3:22.
3. be complete, of number, 1Sam 16:11.
4. be consumed, exhausted, spent: silver Gen 47:15; Gen 47:18 (J); strength Lev 26:20 (H); lead Jer 6:29 (Qr); bread Jer 37:21 fruit Ezek 47:12 rust Ezek 24:11.
5. be finished, consumed, destroyed: people Num 14:33 (J), vNum 14:35; Num 17:28 (P; || מות). Num 32:13 (J), Josh 8:24; Josh 10:20 (JE), Deut 2:14; Deut 2:15; Deut 2:16; Josh 5:6 (D), 1Kgs 14:10; 2Kgs 7:13; Isa 16:4; Jer 14:15; Jer 24:10; Jer 27:8; Jer 36:23; Jer 44:12 (twice in verse); Jer 44:18; Jer 44:27; Ps 9:7 (but read דַּמּוּ), Ps 104:35.
6. be complete, sound, unimpaired, ethically, Ps 19:14 (|| נִקָּה; late).
7. twice, very strangely, si vera 1., transitive: Ps 64:7 תמנו we have completed (read probably הֲתִמֹּנוּ); Jer 27:8 עַדתֻּֿמֹּי אֹתָם בְּיָדוֺ (read with Gr תִּתִּי). Hiph`il Perfect 1 singular הֲתִמֹּ֫תִי Ezek 22:15 3 masculine plural הֵחַמּ֫וּ 2Sam 20:18 Imperfect יַתֵּם 2Kgs 22:4 2 masculine singular תַּתֵּם Job 22:3 (Ges«GKC:67y»§ 67y); Infinitive absolute הָחֵם Ezek 24:10 construct, id., Dan 8:23 + Dan 9:24 Qr (see Dr.); suffix הֲִ˜תמְךְ (Ges«GKC:67v»§ 67v) Isa 33:1
1. finish, complete, perfect, a matter 2Sam 20:18 (but Qal, come to an end, with ה interrogative, We Dr and others); flesh in cooking Ezek 24:10.
2. finish, cease doing a thing, followed by participle (Ges«GKC:120b»§ 120b), שׁוֺדֵד Isa 33:1.
3. complete, sum up, with accusative money 2Kgs 22:4 (other conjectures Klo Gr Gi); transgressions Dan 8:23 sin Dan 9:24 (Qr; Kt חתם).
4. destroy uncleanness, with מן from, Ezek 22:15.
5. causative (of Qal 6): accusative דרכיך Job 22:3 make sound thy ways. Hithpa`el Imperfect 2 masculine singular תִּתַּמָּם 2Sam 22:26, with עִם deal in integrity with = Ps 18:26 (late, see Qal 6).


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
License: Public domain document; formatting developed for use in https://marvel.bible by Eliran Wong.
Source: provided by Tim Morton, the developer of Bible Analyzer

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