BDB8881 [H8138 H8133 H8132]

I. [שָׁנָה] verb change (Late Hebrew Pi`el, etc.; Eccl 42:24 etc.; Assyrian šanû, change, Aramaic שְׁנָא, Nabataean Ethpa`al Lzb379; Syriac , especially mentally = grow insane; compare (probably) Late Hebrew שָׁנָה year, = Phoenician שנת, שת; MI2, 8 שת; Assyrian šattu (compare Muss-ArnJBL xi (1892), 73 n.); Arabic ; Aramaic שְׁנַא, שַׁתָּא, , ; Old Aramaic, Nabataean, Palmyrene שנתא, שנת, שת, שנן Lzb379 f.; on year from changing seasons, see PhilippiZMG xxxii (1878), 79 f. BaZMG xll (1887), 612, 621, 636 (especially against DHMVIme Orient. Congr. ii. 1, 452 who proposes biliteral √), compare Thes; a daring suggestion by JenZA vii (1892), 177); —

Qal Perfect 1 singular לאֹ שָׁנִיתִי Mal 3:6 I am ׳׳י, I do not change: Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׁנֶא (Ges«GKC:75rr»§ 75rr) Lam 4:1 how is the fine gold changed (si vera lectio; LöhrNow יִשָּׁנֵא; gloss on יוּעַס Bu Löhr); Infinitive construct שְׁנוֺת יְמִין עֶלְיוֺן Ps 77:11 the right hand of the Highest is changed (ᵑ6 ᵑ9 ᵑ7 Aq Symm Theod Hup-Now RVm Bae Du We Buhl; AV RV Ew De Che and others years, usually insert I will remember); Participle שׁוֺנִים Esth 1:7 differing, different, with מִן, compare Esth 3:8 (so Eccl 42:24); Prov 24:21 those who change (but dubious, see Toy). Pi`el transitive, change, alter: Perfect 3 masculine singular שִׁנָּה Jer 52:33 with accusative garments, = שִׁנָּא (Gesl.c.) 2Kgs 25:29 Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְשַׁנֶּה דִּין Prov 31:5 lest he pervert the judgment; וַיְשַׁנּוֺ 1Sam 21:14 (read וַיְשַׁן Ges«GKC:75bb»§ 75bb, וַיְשַׁנֶּה We Dr (and references), compare Bu HPS Now), with accusative טַעְמוֺ (see טַעַם, and Assyrian šanê ‰êmi, madness); וַיְשַׁנֶּהָ Esth 2:9, i.e. changed her place לְטוֺב בֵּית הַנָּשִׁים; 1 singular Ps 89:35 the utterance of my lips I will not change (|| לֹא אֲחַלֵּל בְּרִיתִי); Infinitive construct לְשַׁנּוֺת אֶתדַּֿרְכֵךְ Jer 2:36 i.e. change thy political course; בְּשַׁנּוֺתוֺ אֶתֿ טַעְמוֺ Ps 34:1 (title; compare 1Sam 21:14 above); Participle מְשַׁנֶּה פָנָיו Job 14:20 altering his face, i.e. in death (subject God). Pu`al Imperfect 3 masculine singular וְעֹז פָּנָיו יְשֻׁנֶּא (Ges«GKC:75rr»§ 75rr) Eccl 8:1, usually is changed, mollified, Siegf יִשָּׂנֵא is hated (on ׳עֹז פ see עֹז 4, √עזז). Hithpa`el Perfect 2 feminine singular consecutive קוּמִי וְהִשְׁתַּנִּית 1Kgs 14:2 arise, pray, and disguise thyself.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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