BDB2354 [H2142]

זָכַר verb remember (Assyrian zikâru, name, mention, compare noun zikru, Hpt in KAT2 Glossary i LyonSargontexte; Zinjirli זכר, Arabic , Aramaic דְּכַר, , Palmyrene דרכנא monument, VogNo. 36 b, דכיר memorial, VogNo. 62, Sabean in proper name ידֿכראל DHMEpigr. Denkm. 43, but Ethiopic ) —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ז Gen 40:23 +; 3 feminine singular זָָֽכְרָה Lam 1:7; Lam 1:9 2 masculine singular וְזָכַרְתָּ֫ Deut 5:15 +; suffix זְכַרְתַּנִי Gen 40:14 compare 1Sam 1:11, זְכַרְתָּם Ps 88:6 2 feminine singular זָכַרְתְּ Isa 47:7; Isa 57:11 compare Isa 17:10 + Ezek 16:22; Ezek 16:43 Qr (both Kt זכרתי), וְזָכַרְתְּ consecutive Ezek 16:61 3 plural זָָֽכְרוּ Judg 8:34 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִזְכֹּר Hos 8:13 +; יִזְכָּרֿ 2Sam 14:11; Prov 31:7 וַיִּזְכֹּר Gen 8:1 +; suffix וַיִּוְכְּרֶהָ 1Sam 1:19 2 feminine singular תִּזְכְּרִי Isa 54:4 + 2 t.; 1 singular אֶזְכֹּר Lev 26:42 (twice in verse); Isa 43:25 (Ps 77:12 Qr see infra), אֶזְכָּרֿ Jer 31:34, וָאֶזְכֹּר Exod 6:5 suffix 2 masculine singular אֶזְכָּרְךָ Ps 42:7, suffix 2 feminine singular אֶזְכְּרֵכִי Ps 137:6 (see Ges«GKC:58»§ 58, 3, R, 1 Sta§§ 356, a, 2, 634 a, 2), etc.; Imperative masculine singular זְכֹר Exod 32:13 +; זְכָרֿ Ps 25:7 +; זָכְרָה Neh 6:14 +; suffix זָכְרֵנִי Judg 16:28 + 2 t.; masculine plural זִכְרוּ Isa 46:9 +, זְכֹ֑רוּ Neh 4:8 Infinitive absolute זָכוֺר Exod 13:3 +; זָכֹר Jer 31:30 +; construct לִזְכֹּר Gen 9:16; Ezek 23:19, etc.; suffix בְּזָכְרֵנִי Ps 137:1 Participle active plural construct וּלְֹזכְרֵי Ps 103:18 זָכוּר Ps 103:14 see below —
I. human subj.
1. remember, recall, call to mind, usually as affecting present feeling, thought, or action:
\ \ a. remember past experiences (accusative) Gen 42:9 (E), 2Kgs 9:25 (accusative of person agent); followed by clause with מִי Job 4:7 things formerly known (accusative) Jer 17:2 followed by clause with כִּי Judg 9:2 with implied regret, longing Num 11:5 (JE), Ps 42:5; Ps 137:1; Lam 1:7 compare Ps 77:7, negative Ps 137:6 (|| שׁכח vPs 137:5); so (followed by בְּ) Jer 3:16 (|| עלה על לב and פקד).
\ \ b. recall past distress, etc.; object not expressed, Lam 3:20 (זכור זכר), Job 11:16 (שׁכח in || clause); negative, followed by accusative Isa 54:4 (|| שׁכח), Prov 31:7 (|| id.).
\ \ c. remember sins, (1) to repent of them Deut 9:7 (+ אלתֿשׁכח, followed by clause with אתאֿשׁר), elsewhere only Ezek., usually with accusative Ezek 16:61 (+ וְנִכְלַמְתְּ), vEzek 16:63 (object not expressed), Ezek 20:43; Ezek 36:21 (2) to renew and repeat them Ezek 23:19, negative vEzek 23:27.
\ \ d. especially remember the dealings of ׳י, expressed in great variety of terms in accusative, Deut 7:18; Deut 8:2; Deut 24:9; Deut 32:7 (|| בין), Isa 46:9; Isa 63:11; Ps 77:12 Qr (Kt Hiph`il q. v.) vPs 77:12; Ps 105:5; Ps 143:5 (|| הגיתי, אֲשׂוֺחֵחַ) 1Chr 16:12 negatively, Isa 43:18 (|| אַל תִּתְבֹּנָ֑נוּ), Ezek 16:22; Ezek 16:43; Ps 78:42; Ps 106:7; Neh 9:17 (|| וַיְמָאֲנוּ לִשְׁמֹעַ); object clause with בִּי especially D, Deut 5:15; Deut 15:15; Deut 16:12; Deut 24:18; Deut 24:22; Ps 78:35.
2. remember persons (human subject),
\ \ a. to their advantage: — followed by accusative Gen 40:14 (E), vGen 40:23 (E; negative, || שׁכח), 1Sam 25:31.
\ \ b. to make use of them (accusative) Nah 2:6.
\ \ c. their acts (accusative) to their advantage 2Chr 24:22, to their disadvantage 2Sam 19:20 (negative); to make vengeance Deut 25:17.
\ \ d. remember human obligations, accusative of thing: בְּרִית אַחִים Amos 1:9 compare perhaps Esth 2:1 (accusative of person and also of deed); negative Eccl 9:15 (accusative of person), Ps 109:16 (followed by חסד עשׂות).
3. remember ׳י:
\ \ a. call him to mind 2Sam 14:11 (i.e. recall a specific command of his).
\ \ b. recall, and (especially) keep ׳י in mind Deut 8:18; Jer 51:50; Isa 64:4 (|| עשׂה צדק), Ezek 6:9; Zech 10:9; Joel 2:8; Ps 42:7; Ps 63:7 (|| אהגה), Ps 77:4; Neh 4:8 negatively Judg 8:34; Isa 17:10 (opposed to שׁכח), Isa 57:11 (|| לֹא שַׂמְתְּ עַללִֿבֵּךְ); compare also אֶתאבּוֺרְאֶ֑ךָ ׳ז Eccl 12:1, and (no object expressed) Ps 22:28 (+ ׳וישׁובו אל י); remember ׳י's name Ps 119:55.
4. remember:
\ \ a. words of Moses Josh 1:13 (D) Mal 3:22 ׳י's instructions through prophet Isa 44:21; Isa 46:48 (|| השׁיבו על לב), also Mic 6:5 (followed by clause with מה).
\ \ b. commandments of ׳י (so as to do them) Num 15:39 (P, or H), vNum 15:40 (P; + ועשׂיתם), Ps 103:18 (+ לעשׂותם), Ps 119:52 (משׁפטים); his covenant 1Chr 16:15.
5. think of or on, call to mind something present or future: — followed by accusative, issue of conduct Isa 47:7; Lam 1:9 (end of Jerusalem); fight with crocodile Job 40:32 object a general truth, prosperity of wicked Job 21:6 (object not expressed); (fleeting) days of life Eccl 5:19 (coming) days of darkness, Eccl 11:8 a duty Job 36:24 (followed by clause with כִּי).
6. remember a day, to observe, commemorate it: — day of Exodus Exod 13:3 (J) Deut 16:3 sabbath Exod 20:8 (E; || שׂמר Deut 5:12).
7. remember, with implied mention of, object ׳י Jer 20:9 (|| דִּבֶּר בִּשְׁמוֺ); ׳מַשָּׂא י Jer 23:36.

II. Subject ׳(אלהים)י.

1. remember persons:
\ \ a. individuals, with kindness, granting requests, protecting, delivering etc., with accusative of person, Gen 30:22 (E), 1Sam 1:11 (opposed to שׁכח), v1Sam 1:19, Judg 16:28 (followed by וְחַזְּקֵנִי); Jer 15:15 (|| פָּקְדֵנִי), Ps 106:4 (|| id.), Job 14:13 (+ תשׁית לי חק), also Gen 8:1 (P), Gen 19:29 (P); negative Ps 88:6 (|| מידך נִגְזָר֑וּ); followed by לְ person Ps 25:7 (yet compare Che); followed by accusative of thing + לְ person (dativus commodi [dative of benefit]) Neh 5:19; Neh 13:14; Neh 13:22; Neh 13:31.
\ \ b. individuals, to punish, followed by לְ person Neh 6:14; Neh 13:29.
\ \ c. his servants, people, the afflicted, (graciously) followed by לְ Exod 32:13 (JE), Deut 9:27; Ps 136:23 followed by accusative Ps 9:13 (opposed to שׁכח), Ps 74:2; Ps 115:12 (followed by יְבָרֵךְ); compare Jer 31:20 (זכור זכר).
\ \ d. his land Lev 26:42 (H), and negative Lam 2:1 (his footstool).
\ \ e. mankind Ps 8:5 (|| פקד).
2. a. remember the distress of his servants, Lam 3:19 (followed by clause with מה), Lam 5:1 (|| הַבִּיטָ֯ וּרְאֵה).
\ \ b. their devotion, accusative, Ps 20:4; Jer 2:2 (+ לְ person), Ps 132:1 (+ id.); followed by clause with את אשׁר 2Kgs 20:3 = Isa 38:3.
\ \ c. their intercession Jer 18:20 (followed by infinitive with suffix)
3. a. remember his own covenant (with them), accusative, Gen 9:15; Gen 9:16; Exod 2:24; Exod 6:25 (all P), Lev 26:42 (twice in verse) (H, as also) vLev 26:45 (+ לְ person); Jer 14:21 (+ אַלתָּֿפֵר), Ezek 16:60; Ps 105:8, compare vPs 105:42 (object דְּבַר קָדְשׁוֺ), and Ps 119:49; Neh 1:8; Ps 106:45 (+ לְ person), Ps 111:5.
\ \ b. his mercy, etc., accusative, Ps 25:6; Ps 98:3; 2Chr 6:42 also Hab 3:2.
\ \ c. extenuating circumstances, followed by clause with כִּי, Job 7:7; Job 10:9; Ps 78:39; Ps 103:14 (זָכוּר be-thinketh him, Che, compare De § 20,14 BaNB 175); also Ps 89:48 (followed by אֲנִי + epexegetical clause with מה ).
4. remember sins, idolatries etc., followed by accusative, Hos 7:2; Hos 8:13 (|| פקד), Hos 9:9 (|| id.), Jer 14:10 (|| id.); negative Jer 44:21 (|| עלה על לבו), Isa 43:25; Isa 64:8; Ps 25:7; Ps 79:8 (+ לְ person); followed by לְ Jer 31:34 also (object reproach) Ps 74:18; Ps 74:22; Ps 89:5 and (object day of Jerusalem) Ps 137:7 (+ לִבְנֵי אֱדוֺם, i.e. against them). Niph`al Perfect 2 masculine plural consecutive וְנִזְכַּרְתֶּם Num 10:9 Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִזָּכֵר Jer 11:19 +; 3 feminine singular תִּזָּכֵר Ezek 25:10, (תִּזָּכָר Exod 34:19 read הַזָּכָר see זָכָר); 2 feminine singular תִּזָּכֵ֑רִי Isa 23:16; Ezek 21:37 3 masculine plural יִזָָּֽכְרוּ Hos 2:19 +; 3 feminine plural תִּזָּכַרְנָה Isa 65:17 +; תִּזָּכַרְןָ Ezek 3:20 Infinitive construct suffix הִזָּכֶרְכֶם Ezek 21:29 (omitted by ᵑ6 Co); Participle plural נִזְכָּרִים Esth 9:28. —
1. be brought to remembrance, remembered, thought of, usually with negative: —
\ \ a. in general, subject Baalim Hos 2:19 (+ בִּשְׁמָם), compare Zech 13:2 (|| אכרית); former heaven and earth Isa 65:17 (|| עלה על לב); (wicked) dead Job 24:20 (|| ישׁכחהו va); coral (not to be thought of [others, be mentioned] in comparison with wisdom) Job 28:18 of attention paid to Tyre under figure of harlot Isa 23:16 (opposed to נשׁכחה).
\ \ b. brought to ׳י 's remembrance, subject the people, (1) with gracious result Num 10:9 (P; ׳לפני י, || וְנוֺשַׁעְתֶּם); (2) for judgment Ezek 21:29 (omitted by ᵑ6 Co).
\ \ c. be remembered by ׳י, negative of deeds, as affecting ׳י's judgment, (1) righteous Ezek 3:20; Ezek 18:24; Ezek 33:13 (followed by לְ of advantage, according to Co); (2) wicked Ezek 18:22 (followed by לְ, omitted by A B ᵑ9 etc., Co) Ezek 33:16 (followed by לְ).
\ \ d. be remembered ׳אֶליֿ Ps 109:14 (|| אַלתִּֿמָּ֑ח).
2. negative be not remembered = no longer exist, of name of Israel, as nation Jer 11:19 (|| נכרת), Ps 83:5 (|| נַכְחִידֵם מִגּוֺי); of Ammonites Ezek 21:37; Ezek 25:10.
3. be remembered, of particular days, in order to be observed, commemorated, Esth 9:28 (followed by וְנַעֲשִׂים observe, celebrate). Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִזְכִּיר Isa 49:1 2 masculine singular suffix 1 singular וְהִזְכַּרְתַּנִי consecutive Gen 40:14 Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַזְכִּיר Isa 19:17 1 singular אַזְכִּיר Exod 20:2 +, etc.; Imperative masculine singular suffix 1 singular הַזְכִּירֵנִי Isa 43:26 masculine plural הַזְכִּירוּ Isa 12:4; Jer 4:16 Infinitive construct (ל)הַזְכְּיר 2Sam 18:18 +; suffix 3 masculine singular כְּהַזְכִּירוֺ 1Sam 4:18 suffix 2 masculine plural הַזְכַּרְכֶם Ezek 21:29 (compare Sta§ 245 § 29, 11); Participle מַזְכִּיר Gen 41:9 +, etc.; feminine singular מַזְכֶּרֶת Num 5:15
1. cause to remember, remind, with accusative of person Isa 43:26.
2. cause to be remembered, keep in remembrance, with accusative of thing, a person's name 2Sam 18:18; Ps 45:18 of ׳י, causing his name to be remembered, by some token, Exod 20:24 (JE).
3. mention,
\ \ a. followed by accusative of person Gen 40:14 (E; followed by אֶלֿ person), ׳י, = call upon Isa 62:6, name of ׳י Isa 26:13; Isa 49:1 (|| קראני), name of other gods, negative, Exod 23:13 (J E; || יִשָּׁמַע); followed by בְּשֵׁם Amos 6:10, compare Ps 20:8 (De Che and others boast of, praise, ᵐ5 μεγαλυνθησόμεθα, whence Hup Bae proposes נַגְבִּיר = we display strength), negative Josh 23:7 (D; || תשׁביעו ולא), so באלהי ישׂראל Isa 48:1 (|| הַנִּשְׁבָּעִים בְּשֵׁם).
\ \ b. followed by accusative of thing: faults Gen 41:9 (E), the ark 1Sam 4:18, land of Judah Isa 19:17, Rahab (= Egypt) Ps 87:4, works of ׳י Ps 77:12 (Kt, Qr Qal q. v. ), his righteousness Ps 71:16, lovingkindness, Isa 63:7 human love Song 1:4 also in technical sense, apparently = accuse before God, always followed by עָוֺן, 1Kgs 17:18; Num 5:15 (P) Ezek 21:28 v.Ezek 21:29 (followed by פִּשְׁעֵיכֶם בְּהִגָּלוֺת), Ezek 29:16.
\ \ c. followed by clause, with כִּי Isa 12:4 no conjunction Jer 4:16 (לְ indirect object; || הַשְׁמיעו).
\ \ d. absolute commemorate, praise 1Chr 16:4 (׳לְהַז, apparently Levitical function, followed by ולהודות ולהלל ליהוה), so perhaps also לְהַזְכִּיר in titles Ps 38:1; Ps 70:1 (others below 5).
4. record, only participle מַזְכִּיר as substantive (title of public officer) = recorder
**Rather, probably, the (king's reminder, who brought important business to his notice: compare EwGeschichte. iii. 365, H. iii. 267 Ke2Sam 8:16 BenzArchaeology 310 NowArchaeology i. 308 Kit1Kgs 4:3. 2Sam 8:16; 2Sam 20:24; 1Kgs 4:3; 2Kgs 18:18; 2Kgs 18:37 = Isa 36:3; Isa 36:22; 1Chr 18:15; 2Chr 34:8.
5. of sacrifice, make a memorial, i.e. offer an אַזְכָּרָה q. v.; followed by לְבֹנָה Isa 66:3. — JPPetersJBL, 1893, xii, 58 reads אַזְכִּרָה Ps 42:5 (see Qal I. 1), 'let me make my azkara, and pour out libation for (עֲלֵי) my life.'


The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon
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