Wife, Wives - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Wife, Wives

[ 1,,G1135, gune ]
denotes

(1) a woman, married or unmarried" (See WOMAN);

(2) "a wife," e.g., Matthew 1:20; 1 Corinthians 7:3-4; in 1 Timothy 3:11, RV, "woman," the reference may be to the "wives" of deacons, as the AV takes it.

[ 2,,G1134, gunaikeios ]
an adjective denoting "womanly, female," is used as a noun in 1 Peter 3:7, AV, "wife," RV, "woman."

Note: In John 19:25 the article stands idiomatically for "the wife (of);" in Matthew 1:6, the article is rendered "her that had been the wife (of)."

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words