What - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


* Notes:

(1) Most frequently this is a translation of some form of the relative pronoun hos or the interrogative tis.

(2) Other words are
(a) hoios, of what kind," e.g., 2 Corinthians 10:11, RV (AV, "such as"); 1 Thessalonians 1:5, "what manner of men;" 2 Timothy 3:11 (twice), lit., "what sorts of things," "what sorts of persecutions;"
(b) poios, "what sort of," e.g., Matthew 21:23-Matthew 21:24, Matthew 21:27; Matthew 24:42-Matthew 24:43; Luke 5:19; Luke 6:32-Luke 6:34; Luke 20:2, Luke 20:8; Luke 24:19; John 12:33, "what manner of;" so in John 18:32; John 21:19; Romans 3:27; 1 Corinthians 15:35; in James 4:14, "what;" 1 Peter 2:20; Revelation 3:3 (ditto); 1 Peter 1:11, "what manner of;"
(c) hopoios, "what sort of," 1 Corinthians 3:13; "what manner of," 1 Thessalonians 1:9;
(d) hosos, "how great," Mark 6:30 (twice), RV, "whatsoever;" Acts 15:12; Romans 3:19, "what things soever;" Jude 1:10 (1st part), "whatsoever things," RV; (2nd part) "what;"
(e) posos, "how great, how much," 2 Corinthians 7:11, "what (earnest care)," RV (posos here stands for the repeated words in the Eng. versions, the adjective not being repeated in the original);
(f) hostis, "what (things)," Philippians 3:7;
(g) in Matthew 26:40, houtos, "thus, so," is used as an exclamatory expression, translated "What" (in a word immediately addressed by the Lord to Peter), lit., "So;"
(h) for potapos, rendered "what" in Mark 13:1 (2nd part), AV, See MANNER;
(i) in 1 Corinthians 6:16, 1 Corinthians 6:19, AV, the particle e, "or" (RV), is rendered "What?;" in 1 Corinthians 14:36, AV and RV, "what?"
(j) in 1 Corinthians 11:22, gar, "in truth, indeed," has its exclamatory use "What?"

(3) In John 5:19 "but what" translates a phrase, lit., "if not anything."

(4) In Matthew 8:33 "what" is, lit., "the things" (neuter plural of the article).

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words