Vinegar - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
Vinegar[ 1,,G3690, oxos ]
akin to oxus, sharp," denotes "sour wine," the ordinary drink of laborers and common soldiers; it is used in the four Gospels of the "vinegar" offered to the Lord at His crucifixion. In Matthew 27:34 the best texts have oinos, "wine" (RV). Some have oxos (AV, "vinegar"), but Mark 15:23 (AV and RV) confirms the RV in the passage in Matthew. This which the soldiers offered before crucifying, was refused by Him, as it was designed to alleviate His sufferings; the "vinegar" is mentioned in Mark 15:36; so Luke 23:36; John 19:29-John 19:30. In the Sept., Numbers 6:3; Ruth 2:14; Psalms 69:21; Proverbs 25:20.