Unrighteousness - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Noun,G93, adikia ]
(a) injustice," Luke 18:6, lit., "the judge of injustice;" Romans 9:14;
(b) "unrighteousness, iniquity," e.g., Luke 16:8, lit., "the steward of unrighteousness," RV marg., i.e., characterized by "unrighteousness;" Romans 1:18, Romans 1:29; Romans 2:8; Romans 3:5; Romans 6:13; 1 Corinthians 13:6, RV, "unrighteousness;" 2 Thessalonians 2:10, "[with all (lit., "in every) deceit'] of unrighteousness," i.e., deceit such as "unrighteousness" uses, and that in every variety; Antichrist and his ministers will not be restrained by any scruple from words or deeds calculated to deceive; 2 Thessalonians 2:12, of those who have pleasure in it, not an intellectual but a moral evil; distate for truth is the precursor of the rejection of it; 2 Timothy 2:19, RV; 1 John 1:9, which includes
(c) "a deed or deeds violating law and justice" (virtually the same as adikema, "an unrighteous act"), e.g., Luke 13:27, "iniquity;" 2 Corinthians 12:13, "wrong," the wrong of depriving another of what is his own, here ironically of a favor; Hebrews 8:12, 1st clause, "iniquities," lit., "unrighteousness" (plural, not as AV); 2 Peter 2:13, 2 Peter 2:15, RV, "wrongdoing," AV, "unrighteousness;" 1 John 5:17. See INIQUITY.


(1) In 2 Corinthians 6:14, AV, anomia, "lawlessness," is translated "unrighteousness" (RV, "iniquity").

(2) Adikia is the comphrensive term for wrong, or wrongdoing, as between persons; anomia, "lawlessness," is the rejection of Divine law, or wrong committed against it.

[ B-1,Verb,G91, adikeo ]
"to do wrong," is rendered in Revelation 22:11, RV, firstly, "he that is unrighteous," lit., "the doer of unrighteousness" (present participle of the verb, with the article), secondly, "let him do unrighteousness (still)," the retributive and permanent effect of a persistent course of unrighteous-doing (AV, "he that is unjust, let him be unjust"). See HURT, OFFENDER, Note, WRONG.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words