Understand, Understood - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Understand, Understood

[ A-1,Verb,G4920, suniemi ]
primarily, to bring or set together," is used metaphorically of "perceiving, understanding, uniting" (sun), so to speak, the perception with what is perceived, e.g., Matthew 13:13-Matthew 13:15, Matthew 13:19, Matthew 13:23, Matthew 13:51; Matthew 15:10; Matthew 16:12; Matthew 17:13, and similar passages in Mark and Luke; Acts 7:25 (twice); Acts 28:26-Acts 28:27; in Romans 3:11, the present participle, with the article, is used as a noun, lit., "there is not the understanding (one)," in a moral and spiritual sense; Romans 15:21; 2 Corinthians 10:12, RV, "are (without) understanding," AV, "are (not) wise;" Ephesians 5:17, RV, "understand." See CONSIDER, Note

[ A-2,Verb,G3539, noeo ]
"to perceive with the mind," as distinct from perception by feeling, is so used in Matthew 15:17, AV, "understand," RV, "perceive;" Matthew 16:9, Matthew 16:11; Matthew 24:15 (here rather perhaps in the sense of considering) and parallels in Mark (not in Luke); John 12:40; Romans 1:20; 1 Timothy 1:7; Hebrews 11:3; in Ephesians 3:4, AV, "may understand" (RV, "can perceive"); Ephesians 3:20, "think;" 2 Timothy 2:7, "consider," See CONSIDER, No. 4.

[ A-3,Verb,G1097, ginosko ]
"to know, to come to know," is translated "to understand" in the AV in Matthew 26:10; John 8:27 (RV, "to perceive;") AV and RV in John 8:43; John 10:6; in John 10:38, RV (in some texts pisteuo, AV, "believe"); AV and RV in John 12:16; John 13:7 RV, AV, "know" (See Note under KNOW, No. 2); Acts 8:30; in Philippians 1:12, AV, RV, "know" (in some texts, Acts 24:11, AV). See KNOW, No. 1.

[ A-4,Verb,G1987, epistamai ]
"to know well," is rendered "to understand" in Mark 14:68; Jude 1:10, RV, 2nd clause (AV, "know"). See KNOW, No. 5.

[ A-5,Verb,G4441, punthanomai ]
"to inquire," is rendered "to understand" in Acts 23:34. See INQUIRE.

[ A-6,Verb,G1107, gnorizo ]
"to make known," is rendered "I give ... to understand" in 1 Corinthians 12:3. See KNOW, No. 8.

[ A-7,Verb,G50, agnoeo ]
"to be ignorant," is rendered "they understood not" in Mark 9:32; Luke 9:45; in 2 Peter 2:12, AV, RV, "they are ignorant of." See IGNORANT, B, No. 1.


(1) In 1 Corinthians 13:2, AV, oida, "to know, to perceive," is rendered "understand" (RV, "know"); so in 1 Corinthians 14:16.

(2) For manthano, rendered "understand" in Acts 23:27, AV, See LEARN, No. 1.

(3) In 1 Corinthians 13:11, AV, phroneo, "to be minded," is rendered "I understood" (RV, "I felt").

(4) For parakoloutheo, Luke 1:3, AV, "have perfect understanding of," See TRACE.

[ B-1,Adjective,G2154, eusemos ]
primarily denotes "conspicuous" or "glorious" (as in Psalms 81:3, Sept.; EV, "solemn"), then, "distinct, clear to understanding," 1 Corinthians 14:9, "easy to be understood" (AV, marg., "significant").

[ B-2,Adjective,G1425, dusnoetos ]
"hard to be understood" (dus, a prefix like Eng., "mis-," or "un-," and A, No. 2), occurs in 2 Peter 3:16.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words