Strength, Strengthen - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Strength, Strengthen

[ A-1,Noun,G1411, dunamis ]
is rendered strength" in the RV and AV of Revelation 1:16; elsewhere the RV gives the word its more appropriate meaning "power," for AV, "strength," 1 Corinthians 15:56; 2 Corinthians 1:8; 2 Corinthians 12:9; Hebrews 11:11; Revelation 3:8; Revelation 12:10. See ABILITY, No. 1, POWER, No. 1.

[ A-2,Noun,G2479, ischus ]
ability, strength," is rendered "strength" in Mark 12:30, Mark 12:33; Luke 10:27; in Revelation 5:12, AV (RV, "might"). See ABILITY, No. 2, MIGHT.

[ A-3,Noun,G2904, kratos ]
"force, might," is rendered "strength" in Luke 1:51, RV and AV; RV, "strength" (AV, "power") in Ephesians 1:19; Ephesians 6:10. See DOMINION, No. 1, POWER, No. 4.

Note: In Revelation 17:13, AV, exousia, "freedom of action," is rendered "strength" (RV, "authority").

[ B-1,Verb,G1412, dunamoo ]
"to make strong," is rendered "increased ... in strength" in Acts 9:22; "to strengthen" in Philippians 4:13; 2 Timothy 2:1, RV, "be strengthened;" 2 Timothy 4:17. See ENABLE, STRONG, B.

[ B-2,Verb,G1743, endunamoo ]
"to make strong," is rendered "increased ... in strength" in Acts 9:22; "to strengthen" in Philippians 4:13; 2 Timothy 2:1, RV, "be strengthened;" 2 Timothy 4:17. See ENABLE, STRONG, B.

[ B-3,Verb,G2480, ischuo ]
akin to A, No. 2, "to have strength," is so rendered in Mark 5:4, RV (AV, "could"); in Luke 16:3, RV, "I have not strength to" (AV, "I cannot"). See AVAIL.

[ B-4,Verb,G1765, enischuo ]
akin to A, No. 2, a strengthened form of No. 3, is used in Luke 22:43; Acts 9:19.

[ B-5,Verb,G2901, krataioo ]
"to strengthen," is rendered "to be strengthened" in Ephesians 3:16. See STRONG, B.

[ B-6,Verb,G4599, sthenoo ]
from sthenos, "strength," occurs in 1 Peter 5:10, in a series of future tenses, according to the best texts, thus constituting Divine promises.

Notes:

(1) For ischuo, Hebrews 9:17, See AVAIL.

(2) For sterizo, Luke 22:32, See ESTABLISH, No. 1.

(3) For stereoo, Acts 3:7, See ESTABLISH, No. 2.

(4) Episterizo is found in some texts in Acts 18:23, AV, "strengthening." See CONFIRM, A, No. 2, ESTABLISH, No. 1.

(5) For "without strength," Romans 5:6, AV, See WEAK.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words