Soldier - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Noun,G4757, stratiotes ]
a soldier," is used
(a) in the natural sense, e.g., Matthew 8:9; Matthew 27:27; Matthew 28:12; Mark 15:16; Luke 7:8; Luke 23:36; six times in John; thirteen times in Acts; not again in the NT;
(b) metaphorically of one who endures hardship in the cause of Christ, 2 Timothy 2:3.

[ A-2,Noun,G4753, strateuma ]
"an army," is used to denote "a company of soldiers" in Acts 23:10; in Acts 23:27, RV, "the soldiers," AV, "an army;" in Luke 23:11 (plural), RV, "soldiers," AV, "men of war." See ARMY.

[ A-3,Noun,G4961, sustratiotes ]
"a fellow-soldier," (sun, "with," and No. 1), is used metaphorically in Philippians 2:25; Philemon 1:2, of fellowship in Christian service.

[ B-1,Verb,G4754, strateuo ]
always in the Middle Voice in the NT, is used
(a) literally of "serving as a soldier," Luke 3:14, "soldiers" (RV, marg., "soldiers on service," present participle); 1 Corinthians 9:7, RV, "(what) soldier ... serveth," AV, "(who) goeth a warfare;" 2 Timothy 2:4, RV, "soldier on service," AV, "man that warreth," lit., "serving as a soldier;"
(b) metaphorically, of "spiritual conflict:" See WAR.


(1) For spekoulator, Mark 6:27, RV, "soldier of his guard," See GUARD.

(2) In 2 Timothy 2:4 stratologeo is rendered "hath chosen (him) to be a soldier," AV (RV, "enrolled (him) as a soldier").

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words