Shine, Shining - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Shine, Shining

[ A-1,Verb,G5316, phaino ]
to cause to appear," denotes, in the Active Voice, "to give light, shine," John 1:5; John 5:35; in Matthew 24:27, Passive Voice; so Philippians 2:15, RV, "ye are seen" (for AV, "ye shine"); 2 Peter 1:19 (Active); so 1 John 2:8; Revelation 1:16; in Revelation 8:12; Revelation 18:23 (Passive); Revelation 21:23 (Active). See APPEAR.

[ A-2,Verb,G2014, epiphaino ]
"to shine upon" (epi, "upon," and No. 1), is so translated in Luke 1:79, RV (AV, "to give light"). See APPEAR, No. 2.

[ A-3,Verb,G2989, lampo ]
"to shine as a torch," occurs in Matthew 5:15-Matthew 5:16; Matthew 17:2; Luke 17:24; Acts 12:7; 2 Corinthians 4:6 (twice): See LIGHT, B, No. 3.

[ A-4,Verb,G4744, stilbo ]
"to shine, glisten," is used in Mark 9:3 of the garments of Christ at His transfiguration, RV, "glistering," AV, "shining." Cp. exastrapto, "dazzling," in Luke 9:29, RV.

[ A-5,Verb,G1584, eklampo ]
"to shine forth" (ek, "out" and No. 3), is used in Matthew 13:43, of the future shining "forth" of the righteous "in the Kingdom of their Father."

[ A-6,Verb,G4034, perilampo ]
"to shine around" (peri, "around," and No. 3), is used in Luke 2:9, "shone round about," of the glory of the Lord; so in Acts 26:13, of the light from Heaven upon Saul of Tarsus.

[ A-7,Verb,G4015, periastrapto ]
"to flash around, shine round about" (peri, and astrape, "shining brightness"), is used in Acts 9:3; Acts 22:6 of the same circumstance as in Acts 26:13 (No. 6).

[ A-8,Verb,2017,epiphausko / epiphauo ] "to shine forth," is used figuratively of Christ upon the slumbering believer who awakes and arises from among the dead, Ephesians 5:14, RV, "shall shine upon thee" (AV, "shall give thee light").

[ B-1,Noun,G796, astrape ]
(a) "lightning,"
(b) "bright shining," of a lamp, Luke 11:36. See LIGHTNING. Cp. No. 7, above, and Note
(1) below.


(1) In Luke 24:4, AV, astrapto, "to lighten," is translated "shining" (RV, "dazzling").

(2) In 2 Corinthians 4:4; AV, augazo, "to shine forth," is translated "shine" (RV, "dawn").

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words