Remnant - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
Remnant[ 1,,G3062, loipos ]
an adjective (akin to leipo, to leave") signifying "remaining," is used as a noun and translated "the rest" in the RV, where the AV has "the remnant," Matthew 22:6; Revelation 11:13; Revelation 12:17; Revelation 19:21. See OTHER, RESIDUE, REST (the).
[ 2,,G3005, leimma ]
"that which is left" (akin to leipo, "to leave"), "a remnant," is used in Romans 11:5, "there is a remnant," i.e., there is a spiritual "remnant" saved by the gospel from the midst of apostate Israel. While on one sense there has been and is a considerable number, yet, compared with the whole nation, past and present, the "remnant" is small, and as such is an evidence of God's electing grace (See Romans 11:4). In the Sept., 2 Kings 19:4.
[ 3,,G5259 G3005, hupolemma ]
hupo, "under," signifying "diminution," and No. 2, is used in Romans 9:27, some mss. have kataleimma, which has virtually the same meaning (kata, "down, behind"), "a remnant," where the contrast is drawn between the number of Israel as a whole, and the small number in it of those who are saved through the Gospel. The quotation is chiefly from the Sept. of Isaiah 10:22-Isaiah 10:23, with a modification recalling Hosea 1:10, especially with regard to the word "number." The return of the "remnant" is indicated in the name "Shear-Jashub," See Isaiah 7:3, marg. The primary reference was to the return of a remnant from captivity to their own land and to God Himself; here the application is to the effects of the gospel. There is stress on the word "remnant."