Reign (Verb and Noun) - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Reign (Verb and Noun)

[ 1,,G936, basileuo ]
to reign," is used
(I) literally,
(a) of God, Revelation 11:17; Revelation 19:6, in each of which the aorist tense (in the latter, translated "reigneth") is "ingressive," stressing the point of entrance;
(b) of Christ, Luke 1:33; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Revelation 11:15; as rejected by the Jews, Luke 19:14, Luke 19:27;
(c) of the saints, hereafter, 1 Corinthians 4:8 (2nd part), where the Apostle, casting a reflection upon the untimely exercise of authority on the part of the church at Corinth, anticipates the due time for it in the future (See No. 2); Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:4, where the aorist tense is not simply of a "point" character, but "constative," that is, regarding a whole action as having occurred, without distinguishing any steps in its progress (in this instance the aspect is future); Revelation 20:6; Revelation 22:5,
(d) of earthly potentates, Matthew 2:22; 1 Timothy 6:15, where "kings" is, lit., "them that reign;" (II) metaphorically,
(a) of believers, Romans 5:17, where "shall reign in life" indicates the activity of life in fellowship with Christ in His sovereign power, reaching its fullness hereafter; 1 Corinthians 4:8 (1st part), of the carnal pride that laid claim to a power not to be exercised until hereafter;
(b) of Divine grace, Romans 5:21;
(c) of sin, Romans 5:21; Romans 6:12;
(d) of death, Romans 5:14, Romans 5:17.

[ 2,,G4821, sumbasileuo ]
"to reign together with" (sun, "with," and No. 1), is used of the future "reign" of believers together and with Christ in the kingdom of God in manifestation, 1 Corinthians 4:8 (3rd part); of those who endure 2 Timothy 2:12, cp. Revelation 20:6.


(1) In Romans 15:12, AV, archo, "to rule" (RV, is translated "to reign."

(2) In Revelation 17:18, echo, "to have," with basileia, "a kingdom," is translated "reigneth," lit., "hath a kingdom," suggestive of a distinction between the sovereignty of mystic Babylon and that of ordinary sovereigns.

(3) In Luke 3:1, hegemonia, "rule," is rendered "reign."

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words