Prove - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Verb,G1381, dokimazo ]
to test, prove," with the expectation of approving, is translated "to prove" in Luke 14:19; Romans 12:2; 1 Corinthians 3:13, RV (AV, "shall try"); 1 Corinthians 11:28, RV (AV, "examine"); 2 Corinthians 8:8, 2 Corinthians 8:22; 2 Corinthians 13:5; Galatians 6:4; Ephesians 5:10; 1 Thessalonians 2:4 (2nd part), RV (AV, "trieth"); 1 Thessalonians 5:21; 1 Timothy 3:10; in some mss. Hebrews 3:9 (the most authentic have the noun dokimasia, "a proving"); 1 Peter 1:7, RV (AV, "tried"); 1 John 4:1, RV (AV, "try"). See APPROVE.

[ A-2,Verb,G584, apodeiknumi ]
"to show forth," signifies "to prove" in Acts 25:7. See APPROVE, No. 3.

[ A-3,Verb,G3936, paristemi ]
"to present," signifies "to prove" in Acts 24:13. See COMMEND, No. 4.

[ A-4,Verb,G3985, peirazo ]
"to try," either in the sense of attempting, e.g., Acts 16:7, or of testing, is rendered "to prove" in John 6:6. See EXAMINE, TEMPT.

[ A-5,Verb,G4822, sumbibazo ]
"to join together," signifies "to prove" in Acts 9:22. See COMPACTED, No. 2.

[ A-6,Verb,4921,sunistemi / sunistano ] "to commend, to prove," is translated "I prove (myself a transgressor)" in Galatians 2:18 (AV, "I make"). See COMMEND.

[ B-1,Noun,G3986, peirasmos ]

(a) "a trying, testing,"
(b) "a temptation," is used in sense
(a) in 1 Peter 4:12, with the preposition pros, "towards" or "with a view to," RV, "to prove" (AV, "to try"), lit., "for a testing." See TEMPTATION.


(1) In Luke 10:36, RV, ginomai, "to become, come to be," is translated "proved (neighbor)," AV, "was...;" so in Hebrews 2:2.

(2) In Romans 3:9, AV, proatitiaomai, "to accuse beforehand," is translated "we have before proved" (marg., "charged"); for the RV, See CHARGE, C, No. 9.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words