Prisoner - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
Prisoner[ 1,,G1198, desmios ]
an adjective, primarily denotes binding, bound," then, as a noun, "the person bound, a captive, prisoner" (akin to deo, "to bind"), Matthew 27:15-Matthew 27:16; Mark 15:6; Acts 16:25, Acts 16:27; Acts 23:18; Acts 25:14, RV (AV, "in bonds"), Acts 25:27; Acts 28:16-Acts 28:17; Ephesians 3:1; Ephesians 4:1; 2 Timothy 1:8; Philemon 1:1, Philemon 1:9; in Hebrews 10:34; Hebrews 13:3, "in bonds." See BOND, No. 2.
Note: The prison at Jerusalem (Acts 5) was controlled by the priests and probably attached to the high priest's palace, or the Temple. Paul was imprisoned at Jerusalem in the fort Antonia, Acts 23:10; at Caesarea, in Herod's Praetorium, Acts 23:35; probably his final imprisonment in Rome was in the Tullianum dungeon.
[ 2,,G1202, desmotes ]
akin to No. 1, occurs in Acts 27:1, Acts 27:42.
[ 3,,G4869, sunaichmalotos ]
"a fellow prisoner," primarily "one of fellow captives in war" (from aichme, "a spear," and haliskomai, "to be taken"), is used by Paul of Andronicus and Junias, Romans 16:7; of Epaphras, Philemon 1:23; of Aristarchus, Colossians 4:10, on which Lightfoot remarks that probably his relations with the Apostle in Rome excited suspicion and led to a temporary confinement, or that he voluntarily shared his captivity by living with him.