Owe - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Owe

[ A-1,Verb,G3784, opheilo ]
to owe, to be a debtor" (in the Passive Voice, "to be owed, to be due"), is translated by the verb "to owe" in Matthew 18:28 (twice); Luke 7:41; Luke 16:5, Luke 16:7; Romans 13:8; in Romans 15:27, RV, "they (gentile converts) owe it" (AV, "it is their duty"); Philemon 1:18. See BEHOVE, DEBT, DUE, DUTY, GUILTY, INDEBTED, MUST, NEED, OUGHT.

[ A-2,Verb,G4359, prosopheilo ]
"to owe besides" (pros, "in addition," and No. 1), is used in Philemon 1:19, "thou owest (to me even thine own self) besides," i.e., "thou owest me already as much as Onesimus' debt, and in addition even thyself" (not "thou owest me much more").

[ B-1,Noun,G3781, opheiletes ]
"a debtor" (akin to A, No. 1), is translated "which owed" in Matthew 18:24, lit., "a debtor (of ten thousand talents)." See DEBTOR.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words