Overtake - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Overtake

[ 1,,G2638, katalambano ]
to lay hold of," has the significance of "overtaking," metaphorically, in John 12:35 (RV, "overtake," AV, "come upon") and 1 Thessalonians 5:4. See APPREHEND, No. 1.

[ 2,,G4301, prolambano ]
"to anticipate" (pro, "before," lambano, "to take"), is used of the act of Mary, in Mark 14:8 [See COME, Note
(2)]; of forestalling the less favored at a social meal, 1 Corinthians 11:21; of being "overtaken" in any trespass, Galatians 6:1, where the meaning is not that of detecting a person in the act, but of his being caught by the trespass, through his being off his guard (See Galatians 5:21 and contrast the premediated practice of evil in Galatians 5:26). The modern Greek version is "even if a man, through lack of circumspection, should fall into any sin." See TAKE.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words