Open, opening - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Open, opening

[ A-1,Verb,G455, anoigo ]
is used

(1) transitively,
(a) literally, of a door or gate," e.g., Acts 5:19; graves, Matthew 27:52; a sepulchre, Romans 3:13; a book, e.g., Luke 4:17 (some mss. have No. 4); Revelation 5:2-Revelation 5:5; Revelation 10:8; the seals of a roll, e.g., Revelation 5:9; Revelation 6:1; the eyes, Acts 9:40; the mouth of a fish, Matthew 17:27; "the pit of the abyss," Revelation 9:2, RV; heaven and the heavens, Matthew 3:16; Luke 3:21; Acts 10:11 (for Acts 7:56, See No. 2); Revelation 19:11; "the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven," Revelation 15:5; by metonymy, for that which contained treasures, Matthew 2:11;
(b) metaphorically, e.g., Matthew 7:7-Matthew 7:8; Matthew 25:11; Revelation 3:7; Hebraistically, "to open the mouth," of beginning to speak, e.g., Matthew 5:2; Matthew 13:35; Acts 8:32, Acts 8:35; Acts 10:34; Acts 18:14; Revelation 13:6 (cp., e.g., Numbers 22:28; Job 3:1; Isaiah 50:5); and of recovering speech, Luke 1:64; of the earth "opening," Revelation 12:16; of the "opening" of the eyes, Acts 26:18; the ears, Mark 7:35 (in the best mss.; some have No. 2);

(2) intransitively (perfect tense, Active, in the Greek),
(a) literally, of "the heaven," John 1:51, RV, "opened;"
(b) metaphorically, of "speaking freely," 2 Corinthians 6:11.

[ A-2,Verb,G1272, dianoigo ]
"to open up completely" (dia, "through," intensive, and No. 1), is used
(a) literally, Luke 2:23; Acts 7:56, in the best mss.;
(b) metaphorically, of the eyes, Mark 7:34; Luke 24:31; of the Scriptures, Luke 24:32; Acts 17:3; of the mind, Luke 24:45, RV (AV, "understanding"); of the heart, Acts 16:14.

[ A-3,Verb,G71, ago ]
"to lead," or "to keep or spend a day," is so used in Acts 19:38, See KEEP, Note

[ A-4,Verb,G380, anaptusso ]
"to unroll" (ana, "back," ptusso, "to roll"), is found in some mss. in Luke 4:17 (of the roll of Isaiah), and translated "He had opened" (AV); See No. 1.


(1) For Hebrews 4:13, "laid open," RV (AV, "opened") See LAY, No. 18.

(2) In 2 Corinthians 3:18, AV, anakalupto, "to unveil," is translated "open" (RV, "unveiled," which consistently continues the metaphor of the veil upon the heart of Israel).

(3) In Mark 1:10, AV, schizo, "to rend" or "split," is translated "opened," of the heavens, RV, "rent asunder," AV marg., "cloven, or, rent."

(4) For prodelos, in 1 Timothy 5:24, AV, "open beforehand," See EVIDENT, A, No. 3.

(5) For "be opened" See EPHPHATHA.

(6) For "open (your hearts)," 2 Corinthians 7:2, RV, See RECEIVE, No. 18.

[ B-1,Noun,G457, anoixis ]
"an opening" (akin to A, No. 1), is used in Ephesians 6:19, metaphorically of the "opening" of the mouth as in A, No. 1


[ B-2,Noun,G3692, ope ]
"an opening, a hole," is used in James 3:11, of the orifice of a fountain: See CAVE, HOLE, PLACE.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words