One - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Numeral,G1520, heis ]
the first cardinal numeral, masculine (feminine and neuter nominative forms are mia and hen, respectively), is used to signify

(a) one" in contrast to many, e.g., Matthew 25:15; Romans 5:18, RV, "(through) one (trespass)," i.e., Adam's transgression, in contrast to the "one act of righteousness," i.e., the death of Christ (not as AV, "the offense of one," and "the righteousness of one");
(b) metaphorically, "union" and "concord," e.g., John 10:30; John 11:52; John 17:11, John 17:21-John 17:22; Romans 12:4-Romans 12:5; Philippians 1:27;

(2) emphatically,
(a) a single ("one"), to the exclusion of others, e.g., Matthew 21:24; Romans 3:10; 1 Corinthians 9:24; 1 Timothy 2:5 (twice);
(b) "one, alone," e.g., Mark 2:7, RV (AV, "only"); Mark 10:18; Luke 18:19;
(c) "one and the same," e.g., Romans 3:30, RV, "God is one," i.e., there is not "one" God for the Jew and one for the Gentile; cp. Galatians 3:20, which means that in a promise there is no other party; 1 Corinthians 3:8; 1 Corinthians 11:5; 1 Corinthians 12:11; 1 John 5:8 (lit., "and the three are into one," i.e., united in "one" and the same witness);

(3) a certain "one," in the same sense as the indefinite pronoun tis (See B, No. 1), e.g., Matthew 8:19, RV, "a (scribe)," marg., "one (scribe)," AV, "a certain (scribe);" Matthew 19:16, "one;" in Revelation 8:13, RV marg., "one (eagle);" heis tis are used together in Luke 22:50; John 11:49; this occurs frequently in the papyri (Moulton, Prol., p. 96);

(4) distributively, with hekastos, "each," i.e., "every one," e.g., Luke 4:40; Acts 2:6, "every man" (lit., "every one"); in the sense of "one ... and one," e.g., John 20:12; or "one ..." followed by allos or heteros, "the other," e.g., Matthew 6:24; or by a second heis, e.g., Matthew 24:40, RV, "one;" John 20:12; in Romans 12:5 heis is preceded by kata (kath') in the sense of "severally (members) one (of another)," RV (AV, "every one ... one"); cp. Mark 14:19; in 1 Thessalonians 5:11 the phrase in the 2nd part, "each other," RV (AV, "one another"), is, lit., "one the one;"

(5) as an ordinal number, equivalent to protos, "first," in the phrase "the first day of the week," lit., and idiomatically, "one of sabbaths," signifying "the first day after the sabbath," e.g., Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:2. Moulton remarks on the tendency for certain cardinal numerals to replace ordinals (Prol., p. 96).

[ B-1,Pronoun,G5100, tis ]
an indefinite pronoun signifying "a certain one, some one, any one, one" (the neuter form ti denotes "a certain thing"), is used
(a) like a noun, e.g., Acts 5:25; Acts 19:32; Acts 21:34; 1 Corinthians 3:4; or with the meaning "someone," e.g., Acts 8:31, RV, "some one" (AV, "some man"); Romans 5:7;
(b) as an adjective; See CERTAIN, Note
(3), SOME.

[ B-2,Pronoun,G3739, hos ]
as a relative pronoun, signifies "who;" as a demonstrative pronoun, "this," or "the one" in contrast with "the other," or "another," e.g., Romans 14:2, AV (RV, "one man"); 1 Corinthians 12:8.


(1) The RV often substitutes "one" for "man," e.g., Matthew 17:8 (oudeis, "no one"); 1 Corinthians 3:21 (i.e., "no person"); 1 Corinthians 15:35; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; 2 Timothy 4:16; 1 John 2:27; 1 John 3:3.

(2) The pronoun houtos is sometimes translated "this one," e.g., Luke 7:8.

(3) In 1 Peter 3:8, AV, homophron, "likeminded" (RV), is translated "of one mind" (lit., "of the same mind").

(4) In Acts 7:26, "at one," is, lit., "unto peace" (See PEACE).

(5) For "every one" in Acts 5:16 See EVERY, No. 2.

(6) In Mark 9:26 nekros, "dead," is translated "one dead."

(7) In Acts 2:1 "in one place" translates epi to auto, lit., "to the same," which may mean "for the same (purpose);" in 1 Corinthians 11:20; 1 Corinthians 14:23, the RV translates it "together."

(8) In Mark 1:7, AV, the article ho, "the," is rendered "one" (RV, "he that").

(9) In Mark 7:14, AV, the plural of pas, "all" (so RV), is translated "every one;" in Matthew 5:28, AV, pas, with the article, is translated "whosoever" (RV "every one who").
(10) In Acts 1:24, AV, "whether" is, lit., and as the RV, "the one whom."
(11) In 2 Thessalonians 2:7, the article is rendered "one that," RV (AV, "he who").

See also ACCORD, CONSENT, B, No. 1, END, C, Note

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words