Olives (Olive berries), Olive tree - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Olives (Olive berries), Olive tree

[ 1,,G1636, elaia ]
(a) an olive tree," Romans 11:17, Romans 11:24; Revelation 11:4 (plural); the Mount of Olives was so called from the numerous olive trees there, and indicates the importance attached to such; the Mount is mentioned in the NT in connection only with the Lord's life on earth, Matthew 21:1; Matthew 24:3; Matthew 26:30; Mark 11:1; Mark 13:3; Mark 14:26; Luke 19:37; Luke 22:39; John 8:1;
(b) "an olive," James 3:12, RV (AV, "olive berries").

[ 2,,G1638, elaion ]
"an olive grove" or "olive garden," the ending -- on, as in this class of noun, here indicates "a place set with trees of the kind designated by the primitive" (Thayer); hence it is applied to the Mount of Olives, Luke 19:29; Luke 21:37; Acts 1:12 ("Olivet"): in the first two of these and in Mark 11:1, some mss. have the form of the noun as in No. 1.

[ 3,,G2565, kallielaios ]
"the garden olive" (from kallos, "beauty," and No. 1), occurs in Romans 11:24, "a good olive tree."

[ 4,,G65, agrielaios ]
an adjective (from agrios, "growing in the fields, wild," and No. 1), denoting "of the wild olive," is used as a noun in Romans 11:17, Romans 11:24, "a wild olive tree" (RV, in the latter verse).

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words