Lose, (suffer) Loss, Lost - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Lose, (suffer) Loss, Lost

[ 1,,G622, apollumi ]
(I) In the Active Voice,
(a) to destroy, destroy utterly, kill," e.g., Matthew 10:28; Mark 1:24; Mark 9:22;
(b) "to lose utterly," e.g., Matthew 10:42, of "losing" a reward; Luke 15:4 (1st part), of "losing" a sheep; Luke 9:25, of "losing" oneself (of the "loss" of well-being hereafter); metaphorically, John 6:39, of failing to save; John 18:9, of Christ's not "losing" His own; (II) in the Middle Voice,
(a) "to perish," of things, e.g., John 6:12 "(that nothing) be lost;" of persons, e.g., Matthew 8:25, "we perish;" of the "loss" of eternal life, usually (always in the RV) translated to perish, John 3:16; John 17:12, AV, "is lost," RV, "perished;" 2 Corinthians 4:3, "are perishing," AV, "are lost" (See PERISH);
(b) "to be lost," e.g., Luke 15:4 (2nd part), "which is lost;" metaphorically, from the relation between shepherd and flock, of spiritual destitution and alienation from God, Matthew 10:6, "(the) lost (sheep)" of the house of Israel; Luke 19:10 (the perfect tense translated "lost" is here intransitive). See DESTROY.

[ 2,,G2210, zemioo ]
"to damage" (akin to zemia, "damage," e.g., Acts 27:10, Acts 27:21), is used in the NT, in the Passive Voice, signifying "to suffer loss, forfeit, lose," Matthew 16:26; Mark 8:36, of losing one's soul or life; Luke 9:25, RV, "forfeit (his own self)," AV, "be cast away" (for the preceding verb See No. 1); 1 Corinthians 3:15, "he shall suffer loss," i.e., at the Judgment-Seat of Christ (See 1 Corinthians 3:13 with 2 Corinthians 5:10); 2 Corinthians 7:9, "(that) ye might suffer loss," RV (AV, "might receive damage"); though the Apostle did regret the necessity of making them sorry by his letter, he rejoiced that they were made sorry after a godly sort, and that they thus suffered no spiritual loss, which they would have done had their sorrow been otherwise than after a godly manner; in Philippians 3:8, "I suffered the loss (of all things)," RV, i.e., of all things which he formerly counted gain (especially those in verses Philippians 3:5-Philippians 3:6, to which the article before "all things" points). See CAST, FORFEIT.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words