Lie (to lie down, on, upon) - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Lie (to lie down, on, upon)

[ 1,,G2749, keimai ]
to be laid, to lie," used as the Passive Voice of tithemi, "to lay" (See LAY, No. 14), is said
(a) of the Child Jesus, Luke 2:12, Luke 2:16;
(b) of the dead body of the Lord, Matthew 28:6; John 20:12; in Luke 23:53, "had ... lain," RV, AV, "was laid" [See LAY, No. 14, Note
(1)], in the tomb as hitherto empty;
(c) of the linen cloths, John 20:5-John 20:7;
(d) figuratively of a veil as "lying" upon the hearts of the Jews, 2 Corinthians 3:15, RV, "lieth" (AV, "is");
(e) metaphorically, of the world as "lying" in the evil one, 1 John 5:19, RV;
(f) of the heavenly city, Revelation 21:16. For other instances in which the rendering is in the Passive Voice, See LAY, No. 14. See APPOINT.

[ 2,,G2621, katakeimai ]
"to lie down" (kata, "down," and No. 1), is used of the sick, Mark 1:30; Mark 2:4; Luke 5:25; John 5:3, John 5:6; Acts 28:8; in Acts 9:33 it is rendered "had kept (his bed)," lit., "lying (on a bed)." See SIT.

[ 3,,G906, ballo ]
"to throw, cast," is used in the Passive Voice, with reference to the sick, with the meaning "to be laid, to lie," in Matthew 8:6, "(my servant) lieth (in the house)," lit., "is laid;" Matthew 8:14, "lying," RV, (AV, "laid"); Matthew 9:2, "lying (on a bed)." See CAST.

[ 4,,G1945, epikeimai ]
"to lie upon, be laid upon," is translated with this meaning, intransitively in John 11:38; Acts 27:20; transitively, in the Passive Voice, in John 21:9; 1 Corinthians 9:16. See IMPOSED.


(1) In Mark 5:40, some mss. have the verb anakeimai, "to be laid up," translated "was lying," AV. In the most authentic the word is absent.

(2) In Acts 27:12, AV, blepo, "to look," is rendered "lieth," of the situation of the heaven Phoenix (AV, Phenice); RV, "looketh."

(3) In John 11:17, AV, the verb echo, "to have, to hold," used with en, "in," signifying "to be in a certain condition," is translated "had lain" (RV, "had been").

(4) In John 13:25, anapipto, lit., "to fall upon," hence the AV, "lying"), is used of John's position at the table, RV, "leaning back (... on Jesus' breast)."

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words