Lack, Lacking - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Lack, Lacking

[ A-1,Noun,G5303, husterema ]
(a) that which is lacking," "deficiency, shortcoming" (akin to hustereo, "to be behind, in want"), 1 Corinthians 16:17; Philippians 2:30; Colossians 1:24, RV, "that which is lacking" [AV, "that which is behind" (of the afflictions of Christ)], where the reference is not to the vicarious sufferings of Christ, but to those which He endured previously, and those which must be endured by His faithful servants; 1 Thessalonians 3:10, where "that which is lacking" means that which Paul had not been able to impart to them, owing to the interruption of his spiritual instruction among them;
(b) "need, want, poverty," Luke 21:4, RV, "want" (AV, "penury"); 2 Corinthians 8:14 (twice) "want;" 2 Corinthians 9:12, "wants" (AV, "want"); 2 Corinthians 11:9, RV, "(the measure of my) want" [AV, "that which was lacking (to me)"]. See BEHIND, PENURY, WANT.

Note: In 1 Thessalonians 4:12, AV, chreia, "need," is translated "lack" (RV, "need"). See NEED.

[ B-1,Adjective,G1729, endees ]
from endeo, "to lack," signifies "needy, in want," translated "that lacked" in Acts 4:34.

[ C-1,Verb,G5302, hustereo ]
akin to A, "to come or be behind," is used in the sense of "lacking" certain things, Matthew 19:20; Mark 10:21 ("one thing;" cp. No. 3 in Luke 18:22); Luke 22:35; in the sense of being inferior, 1 Corinthians 12:24 (Middle Voice). Elsewhere it is translated in various ways; See BEHIND, B, No. 1, COME, No. 39, DESTITUTE, FAIL, Note

[ C-2,Verb,G1641, elattoneo ]
"to be less" (from elatton, "less"), is translated "had no lack," 2 Corinthians 8:15 (quoted from the Sept. of Exodus 16:18), the circumstance of the gathering of the manna being applied to the equalizing nature of cause and effect in the matter of supplying the wants of the needy.

[ C-3,Verb,G3007, leipo ]
"to leave," denotes
(a) transitively, in the Passive Voice, "to be left behind, to lack," James 1:4, "ye may be lacking in (nothing)," RV (AV, "wanting"); James 1:5, "lacketh" (AV, "lack"); James 2:15, RV, "be ... in lack" (AV, "be ... destitute");
(b) intransitively, Active Voice, Luke 18:22, "(one thing thou) lackest," is, lit., "(one thing) is lacking (to thee);" Titus 1:5, "(the things) that were wanting;" Titus 3:13, "(that nothing) be wanting." See DESTITUTE, WANTING.

Note: In 2 Peter 1:9, "he that lacketh" translates a phrase the lit. rendering of which is "(he to whom these things) are not present" (paraeimi, "to be present").

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words