House - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Noun,G3624, oikos ]
(a) a house, a dwelling," e.g., Matthew 9:6-Matthew 9:7; Matthew 11:8; it is used of the Tabernacle, as the House of God, Matthew 12:4, and the Temple similarly, e.g., Matthew 21:13; Luke 11:51, AV, "temple," RV, "sanctuary;" John 2:16-John 2:17; called by the Lord "your house" in Matthew 23:38; Luke 13:35 (some take this as the city of Jerusalem); metaphorically of Israel as God's house, Hebrews 3:2, Hebrews 3:5, where "his house" is not Moses', but God's; of believers, similarly, Hebrews 3:6, where Christ is spoken of as "over God's House" (the word "own" is rightly omitted in the RV); Hebrews 10:21; 1 Peter 2:5; 1 Peter 4:17; of the body, Matthew 12:44; Luke 11:24;
(b) by metonymy, of the members of a household or family, e.g., Luke 10:5; Acts 7:10; Acts 11:14; 1 Timothy 3:4-5, 1 Timothy 3:12; 2 Timothy 1:16; 2 Timothy 4:19, RV (AV, "household"); Titus 1:11 (plural); of a local church, 1 Timothy 3:15; of the descendants of Jacob (Israel) and David, e.g., Matthew 10:6; Luke 1:27, Luke 1:33; Acts 2:36; Acts 7:42. See HOME, A, No. 1. Note

[ A-2,Noun,G3614, oikia ]
is akin to No. 1, and used much in the same way; in Attic law oikos denoted the whole estate, oikia stood for the dwelling only; this distinction was largely lost in later Greek. In the NT it denotes
(a) "a house, a dwelling," e.g., Matthew 2:11; Matthew 5:15; Matthew 7:24-Matthew 7:27; 2 Timothy 2:20; 2 John 1:10; it is not used of the Tabernacle or the Temple, as in the case of No. 1;
(b) metaphorically, the heavenly abode, spoken of by the Lord as "My Father's house," John 14:2, the eternal dwelling place of believers; the body as the dwelling place of the soul, 2 Corinthians 5:1; similarly the resurrection body of believers (id.); property, e.g., Mark 12:40; by metonymy, the inhabitants of a house, a household, e.g., Matthew 12:25; John 4:53; 1 Corinthians 16:15. See HOUSEHOLD.

[ B-1,Adverb,G3832, panoikei ]
denotes "with all the house," Acts 16:34, i.e., "the household."


(1) In 2 Corinthians 5:2, oiketerion, "a habitation" (See RV) is translated "house" in the AV, of the resurrection body (cp. oikia in the preceding verse; See above).

(2) In 1 Timothy 5:13, "from house to house" is, lit., "the houses."

(3) For "in every house," Acts 5:42 (cp. Acts 2:46), See HOME.

(4) For "them which are of the house," 1 Corinthians 1:11, AV, See HOUSEHOLD.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words