Heir - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words


[ A-1,Noun,G2818, kleronomos ]
lit. denotes one who obtains a lot or portion" (kleros, "a lot," nemomai, "to possess"), especially of an inheritance. The NT usage may be analyzed as under: "
(a) the person to whom property is to pass on the death of the owner, Matthew 21:38; Mark 12:7; Luke 20:14; Galatians 4:1;
(b) one to whom something has been assigned by God, on possession of which, however, he has not yet entered, as Abraham, Romans 4:13-Romans 4:14; Hebrews 6:17; Christ, Hebrews 1:2; the poor saints, James 2:5;
(c) believers, inasmuch as they share in the new order of things to be ushered in at the return of Christ, Romans 8:17; Galatians 3:29; Galatians 4:7; Titus 3:7;
(d) one who receives something other than by merit, as Noah, Hebrews 11:7." * [* From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 177, 178.]

In the Sept., Judges 18:7; 2 Samuel 14:7; Jeremiah 8:10; Micah 1:15.

[ A-2,Noun,G4789, sunkleronomos ]
"a joint-heir, co-inheritor" (sun, "with," and No. 1), "is used of Issac and Jacob as participants with Abraham in the promises of God, Hebrews 11:9; of husband and wife who are also united in Christ, 1 Peter 3:7; of Gentiles who believe, as participants in the Gospel with Jews who believe, Ephesians 3:6; and of all believers as prospective participants with Christ in His glory, as recompense for their participation in His sufferings, Romans 8:17." * [* ibid, p. 178.]

[ B-1,Verb,G2816, kleronomeo ]
"to be an heir to, to inherit" (See A, No. 1), is rendered "shall (not) inherit with" in Galatians 4:30, RV, AV, "shall (not) be heir with;" in Hebrews 1:14, RV, "shall inherit," AV, "shall be heirs of." See INHERIT. Cp. kleroomai, "to be taken as an inheritance," kleronomia, "an inheritance," kleros, "a lot, an inheritance."

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words