Guardian - Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Guardian

[ 1,,G2012, epitropos ]
lit., one to whose care something is committed" (epi, "upon," trepo, "to turn" or "direct"), is rendered "guardians" in Galatians 4:2, RV, AV, "tutors" (in Matthew 20:8; Luke 8:3, "steward").

"The corresponding verb, epitrepo, is translated "permit, give leave, suffer;" See 1 Corinthians 14:34; 1 Corinthians 16:7; 1 Timothy 2:12, e.g., ... An allied noun, epitrope, is translated "commission" in Acts 26:12 and refers to delegated authority over persons. This usage of cognate words suggests that the epitropos was a superior servant responsible for the persons composing the household, whether children or slaves." * [* From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, p. 180.]

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words